PALUBA

Vesti => RM => Topic started by: Rade on September 18, 2008, 10:34:38 pm



Title: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Rade on September 18, 2008, 10:34:38 pm
18.09.2009.g iz lista "Politika"

Ruska mornarica uspešno je testirala novu interkontinentalnu balističku raketu tipa "bulava", javili su danas ruski mediji, pozivajući se na ministarstvo odbrane Rusije.

Raketa "bulava" lansirana je danas sa ruske nuklearne podmornice "Dmitrij Donskoj" u Belom moru i pogodila je metu na Kamčatki, navodi se u saopštenju ministarstva odbrane.

Raketa "bulava" razvijena je u moskovskom Institutu za termalnu tehnologiju koji je razvio i raketu tipa "topolj-m".

"Bulava" ima domet od 10.000 kilometara i šest nezavisno vođenih bojevih glava.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: FF on September 19, 2008, 05:54:29 am
Kao mali dodatak - Bulava je ustvari Topol-M prilagođen lansiranju iz podmornica u zaronjenom stanju. "Dimitrij Donski" je podmornica klase Tajfun, koja služi kao test brod za ove rakete. Inače, raketa je namenjena novoj generaciji ruskih nuklearnih podmornica sa balističkim raketama (Borei klasa). Program testova nije išao baš glatko, jer je nekoliko opitnih lansiranja bilo neuspešno.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Bane on September 19, 2008, 03:34:57 pm
To samo može "Politika" :) Bulave se testiraju već tri godine u raznim varijantama, a nekoliko puta je sam Donski vršio testiranja.

Problemi koje je pokazala Bulava se tiču automatskog sistema upravljanja, koji je kriv za sva propala testiranja. Redizajniranje sistema kontrole će odložiti ulazak Bulave u operativnu upotrebu.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Rade on September 19, 2008, 03:36:34 pm
Šta je Politika loše prenela. Ona je samo javila da je lansirana rakweta  i to uspešno. Nigde se ne poziva na istorijat projekta, koliko je lansirano, kada i kako... Ova je retka koja je odletela kako treba...


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Bane on September 19, 2008, 03:45:33 pm
Šta je Politika loše prenela. Ona je samo javila da je lansirana rakweta  i to uspešno. Nigde se ne poziva na istorijat projekta, koliko je lansirano, kada i kako...

U pravu si, ja sam se malo zaleteo :-[


Ova je retka koja je odletela kako treba...

 ;D :pilot


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Rade on November 28, 2008, 08:54:54 pm
28.11.2008.

DefenceNews

Rusija uspešno testirala Bulavu, lansiravši je sa podmornice "Dmitrij Donski"...

Cela vest
Quote
Russia successfully tested on Nov. 28 a sea-based missile capable of carrying multiple nuclear warheads, the military said, amid continued tension with Washington over missile defense.

A Bulava missile fired from the Dmitry Donskoy submarine in the White Sea, along Russia's northern coast, hit its target on the Kamchatka Peninsula near the Pacific Ocean, navy spokesman Igor Dygalo said in a statement.

"The warhead successfully reached the Kura test site on Kamchatka," he said, describing a flight-path about 6,000 kilometers (4,000 miles) in length.

Four out of the six previous tests of the Bulava were unsuccessful, the Interfax news agency reported.

The launch comes after Moscow has repeatedly expressed its fury over U.S. plans to place a missile defense radar system in the Czech Republic and interceptor missiles in Poland.

Earlier on Nov. 28, the commander of Russia's missile forces announced that their new RS-24 missile - a land-based weapon that Moscow says is designed to overcome the U.S. missile shield - would be deployed from December 2009.

The Bulava, which can be equipped with up to 10 individually targeted nuclear warheads, has a maximum range of 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles) and was first successfully tested in December 2005.

It is the sea-based version of the Topol-M, designed to be launched from Moscow's newest Borei class of submarines.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Dreadnought on June 22, 2009, 05:02:35 pm
Topol-M i Bulava balističke rakete će činiti srž Ruskog nuklearnog arsenala, izjavio je General-major Aleksandar Ševčenko. Prema planu modernizacije, do 2016 godine Rusija će kompletno modernizovati pomorsku komponentu nuklearnog arsenala.

Borey klasa, četvrta generacija podmornica na nuklearni pogon će biti naoružana Bulava balističkim raketama i prve dve od tih podmornica su spremne za pomorske probe. "Yuriy Dolgoruki" je već na pomorskim probama a uskoro će mu se pridružiti i "Alexandar Nevski". Svaka od podmornica je sposobna da nosi po 16 Bulava-M balističkih raketa.


Cela vest ....



Topol-M, Bulava missiles to be core of Russian nuclear triad


Topol-M and Bulava ballistic missiles will constitute the backbone of Russia's nuclear triad, a senior defense ministry official said on Wednesday.

Russia's nuclear triad comprises land-based ballistic missile systems, nuclear-powered submarines equipped with sea-based ballistic missiles, and strategic bombers carrying nuclear bombs and nuclear-capable cruise missiles.

"Topol-M and Bulava ballistic missile systems will be the core of the Russian nuclear triad," said Maj. Gen. Alexander Shevchenko, in charge of Armed Forces' armaments maintenance and support.

At present, six types of silo-based and mobile ICBM system of the fourth and the fifth generation, including the heavy Voyevoda (SS-18 Satan), capable of carrying 10 warheads, and the Topol-M (Stalin) systems, are on combat duty with the Strategic Missile Forces.

According to open sources, the total arsenal of Russia's SMF comprises 538 ICBMs, including 306 SS-25 Topol (Sickle) missiles and 56 SS-27 Topol-M missiles.

In line with a new military doctrine, Russia will completely modernize the naval component of its nuclear triad by 2016.

Fourth-generation Borey-class nuclear-powered submarines armed with Bulava ballistic missiles will form the core of Russia's fleet of modern strategic submarines.

Shevchenko said the Russian Navy would commission two Borey-class nuclear submarines, Yury Dolgoruky and Alexander Nevsky, in the near future. Each submarine is capable of carrying up to 16 Bulava-M ballistic missiles.

[attachment=1]

Russia will also modernize and expand its fleet of strategic bombers and create a national air-and-space defense network. According to various sources, the Russian Air Force currently deploys 141 Tu-22M3 Backfire bombers, 40 Tu-95MS Bear bombers, and 14 Tu-160 Blackjack planes.

Russia plans to build at least one new Tu-160 bomber every one or two years to increase the number of available aircraft to 30.

Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov said in February that Russia would continue developing and modernizing its nuclear triad despite the current global economic crisis.

Izvor: en.rian.ru


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on July 17, 2009, 12:31:05 am
16.07.2009.

Još jedan neuspešan test rakete Bulava, šesti neuspeh od jedanaest testova koliko je do sada izvršeno:

Quote
New Bulava missile test results in failure - Russian military
16/07/200921:17

MOSCOW, July 16 (RIA Novosti) - A scheduled test of Russia's new Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) on July 15 was a failure, the Defense Ministry's press service said on Thursday.

"The missile self-destructed after a malfunction of the first stage," the ministry said.

The missile was fired from the Dmitry Donskoi strategic nuclear-powered submarine in the White Sea, off Russia's northwest coast.

"A naval commission will investigate the cause of the missile's self-destruction," the ministry said.

Six of the 11 test launches of the Bulava have ended in failure. The launches were temporarily suspended and the missile components were tested in the labs after a series of previous failures.

Russia's Defense Ministry has said, though, it planned to conduct up to five Bulava tests in 2009 and put the SLBM into service by the end of this year.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage ballistic missile is designed for deployment on Borey-class Project 955 nuclear-powered submarines.

The Russian military expects the Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.

Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Dreadnought on July 17, 2009, 08:58:50 am
Istu vest u domaćoj obradi ...

Neuspela proba ruske rakete „Bulava“
 
17.07.2009
MOSKVA – Najnovija proba savremene ruske balističke rakete Bulava nije uspela i projektil se sam uništio, saopštilo je rusko Ministarstvo odbrane.

Ministarstvo je navelo da je raketa lansirana sa podmornice Dmitrij Donskoi ali da se već u prvoj fazi dogodio kvar i aktivirao se mehanizam za samouništenje. Ministarstvo nije iznelo nikakve druge detalje.

To je bio sedmi neuspeh u 11 probnih lansiranja rakete Bulava i mogao bi da ima posledice za njene konstruktore, navodi agencija Ašošiejted pres (AP).

Ruske snage su ranije ove nedelje sprovele dve uspešne probe druge ne toliko savremene rakete, Sineva rakete.

I pored neuspelih pokušaja lansiranja Bulave ruski lideri su se hvalili njenom sposobnošću da prodre kroz antiraketnu odbranu i opisali je kao ključni deo budućeg ruskog nuklearnog naoružanja.

Potpredsednik vlade Sergej Ivanov, koji nadgleda napore da se unaprede neki od ruskih vojnih kapaciteta, rekao je prošlog meseca da će Bulava morati da prođe kroz još mnogo testova pre nego što bude spremna za upotrebu.

Vojni komentator Aleksander Golts rekao je da je neuspeh usled toga što se vodeći državni i vojni funkcioneri žure da unaprede zastarelu sovjetsku vojnu opremu da bi održali korak sa tehnološkim napretkom SAD.

Izvor: Beta-AP


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on July 17, 2009, 08:01:27 pm
Vojni komentator RIA Novosti Ilija Kramnik analizira projekat Bulave u svetlu poslednjeg neuspeha:

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Bulava missile self-destructs due to malfunction
17/07/200918:59

MOSCOW. (RIA Novosti military commentator Ilya Kramnik) - The latest test launch of the new Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile has failed. The missile self-destructed after its first stage malfunctioned when it was fired on July 15 from the submerged Dmitry Donskoi strategic nuclear-powered submarine in the White Sea.

In all, seven of the 11 test launches of the Bulava have ended in failure.

Russian Navy chief Admiral Vladimir Kuroyedov ordered the creation of the Bulava SLBM in 1998 after three failed tests of the experimental Bark solid-fuel, sea-launched ballistic missile of the Makeyev design bureau. The order was placed with the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology, which promised to create a cheaper and smaller system comparable to another project by the Institute, the Topol-M ground-based ballistic missile.

Of the 11 test launches of one mockup and ten live missiles, only three test launches of live missiles succeeded. Therefore, the missile will not yet be put on combat duty.

The Bulava has a record low safety ratio, approximately 30%, which is even lower than the ratio of the D-19 launch system with the R-39 SLBM - nine failures out of 17 test launches. After the bugs had been removed from the D-19 system, it showed reliable safety - 11 successful launches out of 13.

Russia has an alternative to the Bulava missile, the RSM-54 Sineva (NATO codename: SS-N-23 Skiff), a third-generation, liquid-fuel ICBM that entered service with the Russian Navy in July 2007. It was created at the Makeyev design bureau and can carry four to 10 nuclear warheads, depending on the modification.

Currently, the Sineva missile has been supplied to three Project 667 submarines - K-114 Tula, K-117 Bryansk, and the recently modernized K-18 Karelia.

The Sineva has a longer range than the Bulava - 8,000 km, or 4,972 miles - and a larger payload. But the Bulava has a number of advantages, such as a much smaller takeoff trajectory, which complicates its interception by air defense systems, a smaller weight and dimensions, and solid-fuel engines. The latter simplifies its maintenance and use.

However, all these are only theoretical advantages compared to the Sineva, which has recently had two successful test launches, on July 13 and 14.

There are quite a few examples in Russian history when seemingly promising projects were curtailed after unsuccessful trials. One of the best-known examples is the N-1 booster designed to deliver 40-50 ton manned spacecraft into space, to orbit and then land on the Moon.

The stubbornness with which the military continue the test launches of the Bulava makes one think that it is not engineers, scientists and the military, but auditors who should analyze the reasons for its failure.

They should not look for "subversives" among workers and engineers, who are working hard to create the country's military systems for a meager monthly pay of 10,000-20,000 rubles ($631). Instead, they should call to account the highly paid directors of defense enterprises, who watched impassively as years of hard work and tens of billions of budgetary rubles were squandered.

In the Soviet period, when the government closely monitored research and technical projects using methods that have since been denounced as inhumane and unjustified, plant directors and heads of design bureaus were sometimes victimized for lesser failures.

Somehow, it seems improbable that anyone will be as much as fired for the failure of the Bulava.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) missile carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage ballistic missile is designed for deployment on Borei-class Project 955 nuclear-powered submarines.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on July 22, 2009, 02:19:26 pm
22.07.2009.

Juri Solomonov, generalni direktor i glavni konstruktor Moskovskog Instituta za termalne tehnologije je podneo ostavku na svoje pozicije u ovom institutu zbog neuspeha u projektu Bulava.

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Russian Bulava missile designer quits after failed tests
22/07/200915:34

MOSCOW, July 22 (RIA Novosti) - The head of the research institute that designed the Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile resigned after a series of unsuccessful test launches, a defense industry official said on Wednesday.

"Yury Solomonov tendered his resignation right after the latest unsuccessful launch on July 15," the official said.

The Russian Federal Space Agency Roscosmos confirmed Solomonov's resignation on Wednesday and said a new head of the MITT would be appointed in September.

Solomonov, who occupied the posts of general director and general designer of the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology (MITT), is the most senior official to date to take responsibility for a serious setback in the development of Russia's nuclear deterrent.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage ballistic missile is designed for deployment on new Borey class nuclear-powered strategic submarines.

The Russian military expects the Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.

Six of the 11 Bulava test launches have been unsuccessful, including the latest test on July 15, when a Bulava SLBM self-destructed after blasting off from a nuclear submarine in the White Sea. The launches were suspended after the previous test, which ended in failure on December 23, 2008, and the missile components underwent lab tests.

Since the latest failure, the Russian Navy has reiterated that the tests will continue and Bulava missile will inevitably be deployed on Borey class submarines.


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on July 31, 2009, 02:30:32 pm
31.07.2009.

Ruska vojska planira da nastavi sa testovima Bulave u avgustu, u zavisnosti od rezultata istrage.

[attachment=1]

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Russian military plans to resume Bulava missile tests in August
31/07/200914:59

KHABAROVSK, July 31 (RIA Novosti) - The Russian Defense Ministry said on Friday it would not abandon the development of the troubled Bulava ballistic missile, and that tests could resume in August.

The missile, which is being developed by the Moscow-based Institute of Thermal Technology (MITT), has suffered six failures in 11 tests. The general director of the institute resigned last week over the failures, which are believed to represent a severe setback in the development of Russia's nuclear deterrent.

"Everything depends on the conclusions reached by an investigation commission," Deputy Defense Minister Vladimir Popovkin said, adding that the probe could be finalized as early as next week.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has an estimated range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage solid-propellant ballistic missile is designed for deployment on new Borey class nuclear-powered strategic submarines.

The Russian military expects the Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.

Popovkin said more work has to be done to correct flaws in the Bulava's development, but that there was no alternative to the missile for a number of reasons.

"We have no choice - we already have one [Borey class] submarine, and have laid down more, so to start a new R&D project would be unrealistic," the official said.

Russia's newest Borey class strategic nuclear submarine, the Yury Dolgoruky, has completed the first round of sea trials in early July.

Two other Borey class nuclear submarines, the Alexander Nevsky and the Vladimir Monomakh, are currently under construction at the Sevmash plant and are expected to be completed in 2009 and 2011. Russia is planning to build eight of these submarines by 2015.

"A submarine costs about 60 billion rubles [about $2 bln], and the development of a new missile would cost up to 30 billion rubles [$1 bln] - these are serious expenses."

"But the most important thing is the years [spent on development], because we urgently need to change our sea-based strategic delivery vehicles," Popovkin said.

The future development of the Bulava has been questioned by some lawmakers and defense industry officials, who have suggested that all efforts should be focused on the existing Sineva SLBM.

The RSM-54 Sineva (NATO designation SS-N-23 Skiff) is a third-generation liquid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) that entered service with the Russian Navy in July 2007. It can carry four or 10 nuclear warheads, depending on the modification, and has a maximum range of over 11,500 kilometers (about 7,100 miles).

Russia carried out successful test launches of two Sineva missiles from two Delta IV class nuclear-powered submarines in service with the Northern Fleet, located under an ice floe near the North Pole, on July 13-14.

The results of the tests confirmed that the Sineva would stay in service with the Russian Navy until at least 2015.


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on August 12, 2009, 03:05:43 pm
Zašto ne leti “bulava”

Rusija danas želi da sačuva visoke strateške standarde u raketnom naoružanju koje je nekad imao Sovjetski Savez. „Bulava“ je prva raketa koju je Rusija pokušala da napravi u novim uslovima i logično je da nailazi na probleme

   
Jedanaesto po redu probno lansiranje rakete u Belom moru, sa atomske podmornice “Dmitrij Donski”, konstruisane specijalno za “bulavu”, završilo se samouništenjem rakete, i tako postalo peto neuspešno. Sa danom zakašnjenja objavljeno je da su prvi i drugi stepen rakete funkcionisali kako treba, ali je došlo do problema u funkcionisanju trećeg stepena, pa je raketa dobila komandu da se automatski uništi. Kasnije će se pojaviti informacija da je do problema došlo na prvoj etapi, samo dvadesetak sekundi posle lansiranja, što stavlja pod znak pitanja i one faze koje su konstruktori smatrali već završenim. Zato neki stručnjaci smatraju da postoji mogućnost da je u raketu ugrađen neki neispravan deo „zbog odsustva efikasne kontrole kvaliteta bilo od strane fabrike koja ga je izradila (delove za „bulavu“ pravi oko 650 fabrika) ili neposredno prilikom sastavljanja rakete“. Neimenovani predstavnik istražnih organa rekao je agenciji „RIA novosti“ da će „imajući u vidu važnost naoružavanja morskih strateških atomskih snaga Rusije novom raketom, i jedno i drugo biti smatrano diverzijom“.
Uprkos tome, ako bi se potvrdila verzija o neodgovornosti, to bi bilo i najbolje što se može desiti jer bi onda, u sledećim raketama, bez defektnog dela, sve bilo u redu i „bulava“ bi mogla da poleti do kraja ove godine, kako je i planirano.
Serija neuspelih lansiranja ruske superrakete dovela je i do prve žrtve - do ostavke Jurija Solomonova, direktora Instituta termotehnike koji je i konstruktor „bulave“. Za njega je to, očigledno, bilo pitanje časti, iako se zna da istorija raketne tehnike nikad nije bila glatka – rakete nikad nisu otpočetka letele po planu, a ako se uzme u obzir period trke u naoružanju između SSSR-a i SAD, dovodile su i do tragičnih slučajeva. Solomonov se, očigledno, morao osećati odgovornim zato što je upravo on ubedio rukovodstvo Rusije da odustane od skoro završene rakete „bark“ i započne izgradnju potpuno nove. Njegova ostavka izaziva gotovo isto onoliko dilema koliko i izgradnja „bulave“ – jedni je smatraju gestom odgovornog čoveka, dok drugi veruju da je to pokušaj izbegavanja odgovornosti.
„Situacija je složena ali nije beznadežna, zato što je problem u tehnologiji, a ne u ideji koju danas mnogi nazivaju nesavršenom pa čak i zločinačkom. Današnje mogućnosti tehnologija i proizvodnje, kao i kooperacija, mnogo su siromašnije nego što smo očekivali“ - rekao je Vladimir Visocki, glavnokomandujući vojnopomorskim snagama RF, odgovarajući na pitanje da li će neuspesi dovesti do obustavljanja čitavog projekta.
Rusija danas želi da sačuva visoke strateške standarde u raketnom naoružanju koje je nekad imao Sovjetski Savez. Ipak raspad zemlje morao je da ostavi traga i u toj oblasti. Velike vojne fabrike su propadale, stručnjaci su odlazili, proizvodni lanci su prekidani, a mnoge tehnologije su izgubljene... Gordost ruske vojske, rakete „S- 300”, “S-400”, „buk“, „topolj“, „sinjeva“ – sve su to sovjetski pronalasci. „Bulava“ je prva raketa koju je Rusija pokušala da napravi u novim uslovima i logično je da nailazi na probleme. Danas se za naoružanje izdvaja daleko manje sredstava, pa nema više ni onako dugih perioda priprema kakvi su bili obavezni u SSSR-u. Tada se morao proći čitav niz etapa koje se sada potpuno preskaču, a smanjen je i broj probnih lansiranja. Sovjetske rakete morale su imati najmanje 20 probnih lansiranja i smatralo se normalnim da polovina od toga bude neuspešna. Posledica toga je i da se sada problemi, umesto u nekoj od početnih faza, otkrivaju tek na kraju.
Ali istorija „bulave“ zanimljiva je i iz drugih razloga, ona, moglo bi se reći, podseća skoro na detektivski roman. Jurij Solomonov, konstruktor čuvenog “Topolja M” i direktor Instituta termotehnike u Moskvi, suočen sa nedostatkom novca devedesetih godina, i svestan da to može da dovede do gašenje Instituta u kome su „rođene“ najbolje sovjetske suvozemne rakete, a znajući da od države može dobiti novac samo za konkretan projekat, odlučio je 1998. godine da u kratkom vremenskom periodu napravi perspektivnu morsku balističku raketu za atomske podmornice projekta 955 tipa „borej“, koje su se tada upravo gradile u Institutu „Makejev“, specijalizovanom za pomorske rakete. Ministarstvu odbrane on je predložio nešto manje efikasnu, ali bezbedniju raketu, lakšu za manevrisanje, manje osetljivu na odbrambene sisteme protivnika i ekonomičniju od rakete „bark“ na kojoj je upravo gradio „Makejev“. Čuveni raketni kompleks „Topolj-M“ bio bi osnova za novu raketu pomorskog baziranja koja bi koristila čvrsto gorivo i time ispunila davnu težnju ministarstva da unificira morske i suvozemne rakete. U tom trenutku, kao ni sada, takve rakete, osim SAD i Francuske, niko nije mogao da napravi. S obzirom na to da je tada već bilo jasno da neće biti atomskog rata, Ministarstvo odbrane opredelilo se za raketu koja je bila manje efikasna od „barka“, ali i bezbednija.
Podržavši taj projekat, Ministarstvo je sahranilo dva pokolenja atomskih strateških raketonosaca: cikloskopski brod projekta 941 tipa „tajfun“ i novi, još nezavršeni projekat 955 tipa „borej“.
“Tajfun“ je zbog svojih razmera dospeo u Ginisovu knjigu rekorda. U to vreme nije bilo moćnijeg i opasnijeg broda za protivnika. Salva od 20 stotonih raketa RSM-52 (sa po 10 atomskih bojevih glava na svakoj) sa palube jednog od tada šest postojećih „tajfuna“ mogla je da zbriše s lica zemlje cele države, ako ne i kontinente. Američki pisac Tom Klensi napisao je o tome roman „Lov na Crveni oktobar“ koji je godinama bio bestseler.
Sudbina „boreja“ je drugačija. U okviru tog projekta pravljena je raketa „bark“, teška sto tona i sposobna da dovede do cilja 10 atomskih bojevih glava. U trenutku kad je Solomonov predložio novi projekat ona je bila, prema različitim verzijama, gotova 70 ili 80 procenata. Ali prva probna lansiranja su takođe bila neuspešna. Konstruktori smatraju da se to, uz određenu upornost, moglo ispraviti. Umesto toga, pod uticajem konstruktora čuvenog Topolja-M, koji nije imao nikakvog iskustva sa pomorskim raketama, planovi za izgradnju podmornica „borej“ prepravljeni su tako da podmornice mogu da nose novu raketu, koja je umesto 100, težila samo 30 tona...
Uprkos početnim proračunima, ispostavilo se da izgradnja „bulave“ Rusiju veoma mnogo košta. Prema tvrdnji Sergeja Ivanova, vicepremijera, „više od 40 posto budžeta ministarstva odbrane ide na razvoj flote, i to uglavnom na strateške podmornice. To su stotine milijardi rubalja“. Koji deo toga ide za „bulavu“, smatra se državnom tajnom, ali se nezvanično govori o više od 10 milijardi dolara.
„Bulava“ je od samog početka imala dosta protivnika među stručnjacima koji su od samog početka izražavali skepsu prema takvoj raketi jer je u njoj trebalo spojiti delove suvozemnih raketa i raketa predviđenih za baziranje na podmornicama. Zadatak nije nemoguć, ali je očigledno, prilično komplikovan. Pored toga, smatrali su i Institut i konstruktora nekompetentnim za rakete pomorskog baziranja, pa su neuspesi u probnim lansiranjima vratili na dnevni red pitanje obustavljanja projekta. Umesto njega, predlaže se modernizovanje programa rakete „sinjeva“ proizvedene pre trideset godina, koja još uvek čini osnovu raketnog naoružanja Rusije.
Ministarstvo odbrane, međutim, ne odustaje, „sinjeva“ je još uvek dobra za zadržavanje protivnika, ali nije oružje 21. veka, - smatraju vojni stručnjaci. Oni tvrde da upravo postojanje „sinjeve“ koja je na bojevom dežurstvu, daje šansu da se nastave ispitivanja nove “superrakete”. Rezultati poslednjeg pokušaja se analiziraju, a moguće je da će broj planiranih proba u 2009. biti uvećan, umesto planiranih tri do četiri, do minimum pet.
Zanimljivo je da je pretposlednje lansiranje bilo potpuno zadovoljavajuće – strateška raketna krstarica „Dmitrij Donski“ lansirala je iz akvatorije Belog mora „bulavu“ ispod vode. I sve je bilo kako je planirano. Lansirani blokovi su stigli na kamčatski raketni poligon Kura. Tada je i počelo da se govori da će nakon poslednjeg „ispita“, - nedavnog lansiranja, početi serijska proizvodnja.
Predstavnik Glavnog štaba Vojnopomorske flote potvrdio je ovih dana da će „bulava“ obavezno poleteti, mada s malim zakašnjenjem - ranije je bilo planirano da stigne na podmornice do kraja ove godine.

Karakteristike „bulave“

Međukontinentalna balistička raketa morskog baziranja R 30 3M30 „bulava-30“, u međunarodnim ugovorima upisana je kao RSM -56, a po klasifikaciji NATO, to je SS-NX-30. „Bulava“ može da leti maksimalno osam hiljada kilometara, startna masa joj je 36,8 tona, a težina koju odbacuje je 1,15 hiljada kilograma.
Raketa može da nosi 6-10 hiperzvučnih atomskih blokova od po 100-150 kilotona individualnog navođenja koji mogu da manevrišu, da menjaju trajektoriju po visini i po kursu. Raketa se može ispaliti i dok se podmornica kreće ispod vode.
Motori prvog i drugog stepena su na tvrdo gorivo, treći na tečno - da bi se obezbedila brzina potrebna za manevrisanje na etapi odvajanja bojevih blokova.
Dužina rakete u kontejneru za lansiranje je 12,1 metara, dužina bez glave - 11,5.

Podmornica nosača raketa

Po planu predviđena je za naoružanje atomskih raketnih podmornica projekta 955 „Borej“. Glavna podmornica tog projekta „Jurij Dolgoruki“ ovih dana je uspešno prošla fabričke probe. Još dve slične raketne krstarice takođe nazvane po imenima starih ruskih kneževa – „Aleksandar Nevski“ i „Vladimir Monomah“ napravljene su u preduzeću „Sevmaš“ u Severodvinsku 2004. i 2006. godine. Za ispitivanje „bulave“ napravljena je atomska raketna podmornica „Dmitrij Donski“ projekta 941. Do 2015. treba da bude izgrađeno osam takvih podmornica. Ispitivanja „bulave“ obavljaju se sa modernizovane strateške podmornice „Dmitrij Donski“, projekta 941 „ajkula“, po NATO klasifikaciji – „tajfun“.
Podvodni nosači raketa projekta 955 trebalo bi da postanu osnova pomorskog dela strateških atomskih snaga Rusije u XXI veku, mada sa njihovom izgradnjom sve ide daleko teže nego što je planirano. Rokovi za spuštanje “Jurija Dolgorukog” na vodu se pomeraju još od 2002. godine.

Ljubinka Milinčić


Izvor: NIN


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on August 14, 2009, 02:17:47 pm
14.08.2009.

Sergej Kovaljov, ruski dizajner podmornica iz dizajnerskog biroa Rubi tvrdi da će Bulava uspešno ući u upotrebu. On odbacije kritike za dosadašnje neuspehe, tvrdeći da su dizajneri rakete zbog nedostatka novca bili prinuđeni da preskoče neke test faze, kao što su podvodno lansiranje sa platforme koja je ostala u Ukrajini, ili sa zemlje iz silosa koji nije izgrađen zbog nedostatka novca. Takođe je rekao da su prethodni neuspesi povezani sa lošim kvalitetom delova koje su isporučili neki subkontraktori, a to je, smatra on, zbog nedostatka vojnih kontrolora u tim fabrikama i nedostatka kontrole kvaliteta koji ne bi dali odobrenje tim delovima za ugradnju.

Quote
Russian submarine designer certain of Bulava missile success
14/08/200916:41

MOSCOW, August 14 (RIA Novosti) - Russia's troubled Bulava ballistic missile will be developed and put into service with the Navy, the general designer of the Rubin design bureau for marine engineering has said.

The missile, which is being developed by the Moscow-based Institute of Thermal Technology (MITT), has suffered six failures in 11 tests. The general director of the institute has resigned over the failures, seen as a setback in the development of Russia's nuclear deterrent.

Sergei Kovalyov, who helped design three generations of Russia's strategic submarines, said the testing of Bulava, which is the most advanced submarine-launched ballistic missile ever developed in Russia, is a very complex process and takes time and effort to succeed.

"Beyond any doubt, Bulava is a much more sophisticated missile [than the previous missiles]. Although we lag behind in the electronics, it uses far more sophisticated materials and components. Solid-fuel missiles are used around the world. The Topol [land-based missile] flies. I am convinced that Bulava will fly as well," Kovalyov said in an interview published by the Rossiiskaya Gazeta government daily on Thursday.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has an estimated range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage solid-propellant ballistic missile is designed for deployment on new Borey class nuclear-powered strategic submarines.

The Russian military expects the Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.

The expert dismissed criticism over serious problems in the Bulava missile testing process, saying the designers were forced to bypass required testing stages due to a lack of funds and the lack of necessary facilities.

"In Soviet times, during the first stage of trials, dummy missiles were fired from a floating launch pad in Balaklava [a town on the Crimean Peninsula, which now belongs to Ukraine] to test the underwater segment of the trajectory," Kovalyov said.

"After that, similar tests were conducted on board a re-equipped submarine. They were followed by a number of launches from a land-based launch pad in Nenoks in the Arkhangelsk region to test the flight range," he said.

In the case of the Bulava missile, "there were no conditions to carry out tests at a floating launch pad in Balaklava, and there was no opportunity to conduct ground-based tests of the missile either, because the funds needed to build launch pads and a new silo were not provided."

The expert also complained about the poor quality of missile components provided by a large number of sub-contractors, and the absence of military representatives at manufacturing plants to ensure quality control.

"Some of the failed launches were caused by faulty components, which the military reps would never allow to pass," Kovalyov said.

He also dismissed as "pure nonsense" media speculation that the U.S. was interfering with Bulava tests by using powerful radars or laser beams.

"No country in the world possesses such a capability," the designer said.

The Russian Defense Ministry said in July the Bulava tests could resume as early as in August.


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Dreadnought on August 16, 2009, 05:40:43 pm
14.08.2009
Rusija bi mogla da obustavi razvoj interkontinentalne balističke raketa morskog baziranja R 30 3M30 „Bulava-30“ i da optira neki drugi sistem ukoliko budući testovi i dalje budu neuspešni, saopštila je agencija Interfax u petak citirajući fabričke izvore.

Cela vest ....


Quote
Russia could scrap troubled sea missile

MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russia may halt the development of its accident-prone Bulava sea-based nuclear missiles and opt for another system if future tests fail to work successfully, Interfax reported Friday, quoting industry sources.

Russia has pressed ahead with the Bulava as a crucial plank of its strategic defense that has become a symbol of the country's attempts to create a new generation of post-Soviet weaponry to match Washington's advanced arsenal.

Instead, the Sineva missile that has already entered service could be installed on new Borei-class submarines intended to carry the Bulava, Interfax reported.

"The Sineva, which was adopted in 2007, is the most probable alternative to the Bulava," Interfax quoted a source in the rocket and space industry as saying.

"If Bulava tests continue to fail, this program will most likely be suspended and the Borei class submarines will be adapted for the Sineva. This procedure will be expensive, but there is just no more acceptable option for such a scenario," the source was quoted as saying.

The submarine-launched Bulava is intended to carry up to 10 warheads for up to 8,000 km (5,000 miles) and is designed to be deployed on Russia's newest Project 955 nuclear submarines of the Borei class. Six of its 11 test launches have failed.

The Sineva, advertised by the Russia military as one element of a new generation of Russian strategic weapons capable of surpassing any missile defense system, has already successfully hit targets at a distance of 11,547 km (7,200 miles).

The Russian military says Sineva missiles will be operational at least until 2030.

Russia's war with neighboring Georgia last August exposed a Soviet-style army with obsolete equipment, prompting the government to embark on an ambitious program to modernize its military, analysts have said.

The country relies heavily on its still-formidable nuclear triad of ground-based, submarine-launched and bomber-carried missiles.
http://www.reuters.com/article/scien...57D1SC20090814


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Dreadnought on August 25, 2009, 09:55:08 am
Ukoliko se takva odluka donese,
„sinjeva” će moći da se koristi
najmanje do 2015. godine

 

25/08/2009
Moskva – Iako su posle poslednjeg neuspešnog lansiranja atomske rakete „bulava” zvaničnici izjavljivali da se neće odustati od projekta, sve češće se govori da bi ovu raketu mogla da zameni „sinjeva” koja je počela da se koristi 2007. Ako se i dalje nastave neuspešne probe „bulave”, nove atomske podmornice tipa „borej” projektovane specijalno za taj raketni kompleks mogle bi biti prerađene i prilagođene „staroj” proverenoj „sinjevi” .

[attachment=1]
Raketa „sinjeva“,
ili po standardima
NATO – Skiff SS-N-23


Za „bulavu” su potrošena ogromna sredstva, a preprojektovanje podmornica će takođe biti veoma skupo, ali sve je više onih koji veruju da je neophodno. Ukoliko se takva odluka donese, „sinjeva” koju je projektovao državni raketni centar „Makejev” moći će da se koristi najmanje do 2015. godine i ima veliki potencijal modernizovanja.

Jaka je, međutim, i struja koja smatra da su neuspesi prilikom probnih lansiranja normalna pojava i da će se sve srediti u predstojećem periodu. Među njima je i Sergej Kovaljov, generalni konstruktor Centralnog konstruktorskog biroa morske tehnike „Rubin”, koji je napravio tri pokolenja podmornica – nosača rakete za „bulavu”. „Nije sporno da je „bulava” savršenija raketa, iako zaostajemo u elektronici. Ona je napravljena od savršenijih materijala, sa drugim elementima. Rakete na čvrsto gorivo lete po celom svetu. Leti i „topolj”. „I ’bulava’ će, siguran sam, poleteti”, kaže Kovaljov.

On smatra da je jedan od razloga dosadašnjih neuspeha činjenica da se ispitivanja raketnog kompleksa, zbog nedostatka sredstava, obavljaju mimo uobičajenih shema koje su postojale godinama.

U Sovjetskom Savezu se mnogo više vremena (i novca) posvećivalo svakoj etapi u izgradnji rakete, i na sledeću se prelazilo tek kad je sasvim sigurno završena prethodna. Nije se moglo desiti iznenađenje kakvo se nedavno dogodilo s „bulavom” – otkazao je deo iz etape koja se smatrala konačno završenom i isprobanom.

Balistička raketa „bulava” može da nosi do deset atomskih blokova individualnog navođenja i trebalo bi da uskoro postane osnova pomorskih strateških atomskih snaga. Radijus dejstva rakete je osam hiljada kilometara. Od decembra 2003. godine raketa se ispituje na podmornici „Dmitrij Donski”. Dogodilo se, međutim, da je od 11 probnih lansiranja pet bilo neuspešno. Poslednji takav pokušaj bio je razlog da direktor konstruktorskog biroa i konstruktor „bulave” Jurij Solomon podnese ostavku.

„Sinjeva” (po NATO klasifikaciji Skiff SS-N-23) jeste međukontinentalna raketa trećeg pokolenja na tečno gorivo, teška 40,3 tone, dugačka 14,8 metara i dometa 8.900 kilometara. Ima četiri bojeva bloka individualnog navođenja. Koristi je Severna flota, a lansira se sa strateškog nosača raketa projekta 667 BDRM „delfin”.

Ljubinka Milinčić
Izvor: Politika Online
 


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on September 15, 2009, 07:33:59 pm
15.09.2009.

Jurij Solomonov bi ipak trebalo da ostane na čelu razvojnog tima Bulave, i pored toga što je podneo ostavku na mesto direktora instituta nakon poslednjeg neuspešnog, tvrdi Anatolij Perminov direktor Roskosmosa (Ruska svemirska agencija). On je takođe preporučio novom menadžmenti Moskovskog instituta termalnih tehnologija da se koncentrišu na rad na raketi, a ne na kadrovske promene.

Quote
Solomonov to keep working on Bulava development - Roscosmos
15/09/200916:55

MOSCOW, September 15 (RIA Novosti) - The former head of the research institute that designed the Bulava and Topol-M ballistic missiles will most likely retain his post as general designer, the Russian Federal Space Agency Roscosmos said on Tuesday.

Yury Solomonov occupied the posts of general director and general designer of the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology (MITT) before quitting in July after a series of unsuccessful Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) tests.

"I am certain that Yury Solomonov will keep his post as general designer of the Bulava and Topol-M missiles. We have told the new leadership of the institute to focus on work rather than on cadre reshuffling," Anatoly Perminov, the head of Roscosmos, told a news conference in Moscow.

A special selection commission elected on Monday Sergei Nikulin, the head of the Moscow-based mechanical engineering plant Vympel, as the winner of the contest to fill the position of the MITT general director. His appointment is pending upon approval by Roscosmos.

Perminov said the MITT, which successfully developed the Topol-M land-based intercontinental ballistic missile, will continue work on the development of the Bulava SLBM.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM has suffered six failures in 11 tests. Although the results of a probe into the failures have not been announced, experts have so far blamed the poor quality of missile components provided by a large number of sub-contractors as the main cause of the unsuccessful tests.

The missile carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has an estimated range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage solid-propellant ballistic missile is designed for deployment on new Borey class nuclear-powered strategic submarines.

Russia's top brass expects the Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Dreadnought on September 21, 2009, 01:14:44 pm
Problemi sa "Bulavom"

21.09.2009
Problem sa obnavljanjem ruskog vojnog arsenala najviše je nastao zbog lošeg stanja ruske odbrambene industrije, koja se i dalje oslanja na dotrajala industrijska postrojenja i zastarelu tehnologiju. Nedostaju i kvalifikovani ljudi, koji su je tokom postsovjetske ekonomske krize masovno napustili.

Potvrda slabosti ruske vojne industrije bila je i u lošoj izradi nove interkontinentalne balističke rakete "bulava", čijih sedam od 11 lansiranja nije uspjelo. Zbog toga je nova nuklearna podmornica ostala bez naoružanja, a i ojačale su sumnje u sposobnost Rusije da kompletira rad na raketi koju su ruski lideri već okarakterisali kao stub nuklearnih snaga.

Zamenik ruskog ministra odbrane, Vladimir Popovkin je istakao da je dizajn "bulave" dobar, a za neuspešne probe je optužio proizvodne greške, nastale zbog postsovjetskog industrijskog nazadovanja: nepoštovanje tehnoloških standarda i korišćenje nekvalitetnog metala. On je dodao i da Rusiji nedostaju neke kategorije modernog naoružanja, kao što su obaveštajne bespilotne letilice.

Zamenik ruskog ministra odbrane, Vladimir Popovkin je naveo da je Rusija kupila 14 izraelskih bespilotnih letilica za obuku svoje vojske, dok domaća industrija radi na proizvodnji takvih letilica.

Izvor: Beta, AP


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on October 14, 2009, 09:06:16 pm
14.10.2009.

Odložen još test Bulave najavljen za sutra zbog toga što istraga povodom poslednjeg neuspešnog testiranja još uvek nije završena. Pretpostavlja se da će test biti izvršen najranije krajem oktobra.

[attachment=1]

Quote
Further tests of Bulava missile delayed until end of Oct.
14/10/200914:55

MOSCOW, October 14 (RIA Novosti) - The next test-launch of Russia's Bulava missile, scheduled for Thursday, has been postponed until at least the end of October, a defense industry source said on Wednesday.

He said the decision to delay the test-launch of the submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) was due to the fact that a probe into the causes behind a previous failed test was not yet over.

The Russian military expects the Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.

However, the Bulava's development has been dogged by a series of setbacks, which has officially suffered six failures in 11 tests.

But some analysts suggest that in reality the number of failures has been considerably greater. For example, according to Russian military expert Pavel Felgenhauer, of the Bulava's 11 test launches, only one was entirely successful.

The future development of the Bulava has been questioned by some lawmakers and defense industry officials, who have suggested that all efforts should be focused on the existing Sineva SLBM.

But the Russian military has insisted that there is no alternative to the Bulava and pledged to continue testing the missile until it is ready to be put in service with the Navy.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage ballistic missile is designed for deployment on Borey-class nuclear-powered submarines.


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on October 26, 2009, 06:54:44 pm
26.10.2009.

Izvor iz ruske vojne industrije saopštio da je za poslednji neuspeh testiranja rakete Bulava odgovoran neispravan sistem upravljanja na prvom stepenu rakete. Da podsetimo, taj test je obavljen 15. jula ove godine kada je raketa lansirana sa podmornice Dmitrij Donski i samouništila se ubrzo nakon lansiranja.

Quote
Faulty steering system to blame for Bulava's latest flop
26/10/200918:00

MOSCOW, October 26 (RIA Novosti) - The latest failure of the Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) was caused by a defective steering system in its first stage, a defense industry source said on Monday.

The troubled Bulava was test-fired from the Dmitry Donskoi submarine in the North Sea on July 15, but self-destructed soon after launch.

The Russian military expects the Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.

However, the Bulava's development has been dogged by a series of setbacks, which has officially suffered six failures in 11 tests.

But some analysts suggest that in reality the number of failures has been considerably greater. According to Russian military expert Pavel Felgenhauer, of the Bulava's 11 test launches, only one was entirely successful.

The future development of the Bulava has been questioned by some lawmakers and defense industry officials, who have suggested that all efforts should be focused on the existing Sineva SLBM.

But the Russian military has insisted that there is no alternative to the Bulava and pledged to continue testing the missile until it is ready to be put in service with the Navy.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage ballistic missile is designed for deployment on Borey-class nuclear-powered submarines.


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on November 02, 2009, 04:37:33 pm
02.11.2009.

Sledeći test rakete Bulava zakazan za 24. novembar. Raketa će biti lansirana sa podmornice Dmitrij Donski iz Severnog mora. Ovo je inače jedina podmornica sposobna da izvede test pošto je jedina u floti čiji su silosi prilagođeni za lansiranje Bulave.

Quote
Next Bulava missile test-launch slated for Nov. 24

MOSCOW, November 2 (RIA Novosti) - Russia's troubled Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) will be test-fired on November 24, a defense industry source said on Monday.

He said the submarine would be launched from the Dmitry Donskoi nuclear-powered submarine in the North Sea.

The Typhoon-class submarine, based at a naval facility in northern Russia's Severodvinsk, is the only vessel in service with the Russian Navy capable of testing the new missile.

The Bulava was last test-fired from the Dmitry Donskoi in the North Sea on July 15, but self-destructed soon after launch due to a defective steering system in its first stage.

The Russian military expects the Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.

However, the Bulava's development has been dogged by a series of setbacks, which has officially suffered six failures in 11 tests.

But some analysts suggest that in reality the number of failures has been considerably greater. According to Russian military expert Pavel Felgenhauer, of the Bulava's 11 test launches, only one was entirely successful.

The future development of the Bulava has been questioned by some lawmakers and defense industry officials, who have suggested that all efforts should be focused on the existing Sineva SLBM.

But the Russian military has insisted that there is no alternative to the Bulava and pledged to continue testing the missile until it is ready to be put in service with the Navy.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles).

Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on November 24, 2009, 06:32:37 pm
24.11.2009.

Test zakazan za danas je otkazan za kraj godine, još uvek nije poznat tačan datum.

Quote
Russia again postpones new Bulava tests
24/11/200919:30

A new test launch of Russia's troubled Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) will be carried out by the end of 2009, a defense industry source said on Tuesday.

The launch was tentatively scheduled for November 24 but has been postponed for the second time since the latest failure in July.

"The Defense Ministry and the manufacturer still have a number of issues, including technical, to resolve before the Bulava can be tested again sometime by year's end," the source said.

The Bulava's development has been dogged by a series of setbacks and has officially suffered six failures in 11 tests so far.

The latest Bulava failure during the launch from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear submarine in the North Sea was caused by a defective steering system in its first stage, according to military officials.

The future development of the Bulava has been questioned by some lawmakers and defense industry experts, who have suggested that all efforts should be focused on the existing Sineva SLBM.

But the Russian military has insisted that there is no alternative to the Bulava and pledged to continue testing the missile until it is ready to be put in service with the Navy.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage solid-propellant ballistic missile is designed for deployment on Borey class nuclear-powered submarines.

The Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, is expected to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on December 10, 2009, 08:03:10 pm
10.12.2009.

Na žalost,još jedan neuspeh prilikom testiranja Bulave, ovog puta je u pitanju otkaz trećeg stepena, što je dovelo do samouništenja rakete. A izgleda da su norvežani mogli da prate ceo događaj uživo, a neki su to i snimili: LINK (http://www.paluba.info/smf/napolitanke-i-pivo/iracanin-u-danskoj-mora-da-bira-izmedu-dve-supruge/msg43586/#new). Još nije potvrđeno da je neobični događaj koji su primetili norvežani zapravo neuspešni test Bulave, ali po svemu sudeći to je to.

[attachment=1]

Quote
Russia's latest Bulava missile test unsuccessful
10/12/200915:13

The latest test launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile in the White Sea in northern Russia ended in failure, the Defense Ministry said on Thursday.

Wednesday's test was Bulava's seventh failure, according to official reports. Russia hopes the submarine-launched missile will be a key element of its nuclear forces.

"The first two stages functioned smoothly, but the flight faltered at the third stage. There was a technical failure in the third stage engines rendering them unstable," the ministry said in a statement.

The statement came after media reports on a mysterious light in the form of a spiral over Norway's northern areas several hundred kilometers from the launch site on Wednesday. Norwegian media suggested it could be a Russian missile spinning after a faulty launch.

Only five out of 12 Bulava launches have been reported successful. The previous failure occurred in July, when the missile self-destructed after its first stage malfunctioned. The latest launch had since been delayed several times.

But some analysts suggest that in reality the number of failures has been considerably greater. According to Russian military expert Pavel Felgenhauer, of the Bulava's 11 test launches, only one was entirely successful.

The future development of the Bulava has been questioned by some lawmakers and defense industry experts, who have suggested that all efforts should be focused on the existing Sineva SLBM.

But the military has insisted there is no alternative to the Bulava and pledged to continue testing the missile until it is ready to be put in service with the Navy.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage solid-propellant ballistic missile is designed for deployment on Borey class nuclear-powered submarines.

The Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, is expected to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.


Izvor RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on January 12, 2010, 03:00:08 pm
12.01.2010.

Istraga je pokazala da je razlog poslednjeg neuspešnog testa Bulave greška u dizajnu uređaja za odvajanje trećeg stepena rakete. Ovo je prvi put da se pominje greška u dizajnu, dosada su za neuspešne testove okrivljavali proizvođače pojedinih komponenti, lošu kontrolu kvaliteta, kao i pokušaje da se koriste materijali jeftiniji od onih koje je projektant predvideo.
Istovremeno, bilo je govora o tome da se od celog projekta odustane u korist Sineve, međutim vojska insistira na uvođenju Bulave i očekuje se da će tokom 2010. biti mnogo više testova od predviđenih 2 kako je prvobitno najavljeno.

[attachment=1]

Quote
Design flaw caused latest test failure of Bulava missile - source
12/01/201015:37

Investigators have established that the latest test failure of the troubled Bulava ballistic missile was caused by a design flaw, rather than a faulty component, a Russian defense industry source said Tuesday.

"An investigation commission established in December that a design flaw in the device which controls the separation of the third stage had caused the latest failure of the Bulava missile," the source said.

It is the first time the Russian industry officials admit that there are problems with the original design of the submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), which Russia hopes will be a key element of its nuclear forces.

The latest launch of the missile from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear submarine in the White Sea ended in failure in early December 2009. Only five of 12 Bulava launches have been officially reported as being successful.

Earlier official statements cited a number of reasons for the failures of Bulava tests, including faulty components, attempts to replace specific materials with cheaper substitutes and obsolete manufacturing equipment.

The further development of the Bulava has been questioned by some lawmakers and defense industry experts, who have suggested that all efforts should be focused on the existing Sineva SLBM.

But the military has insisted there is no alternative to the Bulava and said the tests of the missile would continue until it is ready to enter service with the Russian Navy.

Another defense industry source said on Tuesday that Russia could increase the number of Bulava tests in 2010 starting in May-June, and "drastically change the approach to testing procedures."

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage liquid and solid-propellant ballistic missile is designed for deployment on Borey class nuclear-powered submarines.

MOSCOW, January 12 (RIA Novosti)

Quote
Russia to continue launching ill-fated Bulava missiles in 2010
12/01/201012:52

Russia could drastically increase the number of launches of its embattled Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) to "many more than two" in 2010, a defense industry source said on Tuesday.

"There may be many more than two launches," the source said, commenting on some media reports which said only two Bulava launches were planned for 2010.

The latest launch of the missile, which Russia hopes will be a key element of its nuclear forces, from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear submarine in the White Sea ended in failure in early December 2009. Only five of 12 Bulava launches have been officially reported as being successful.

Though he said there was an adequate reserve of missiles for several test launches, the first tests this year are unlikely to take place before late May.

"With the White Sea iced over during the severely cold winter, the first launches of Bulava missiles are planned to take place in late May or early June, when ice packs start drifting," the source said.

The further development of the Bulava has been questioned by some lawmakers and defense industry experts, who have suggested that all efforts should be focused on the existing Sineva SLBM.

But the military has insisted there is no alternative to the Bulava and said the next test launch of the missile could be carried out as early as in January.

Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov denied in late December that Russia would abandon Bulava launches.

MOSCOW, January 12 (RIA Novosti)



Izvor RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on March 19, 2010, 01:24:02 pm
19.03.2010.

Ruska mornarica planira najmanje četiri testa rakete Bulava krajem juna. Dve rakete treba da budu lansirane sa podmornice Dmitrij Donski, a dve sa podmornice Juri Dolgoruki. Drugi test će biti salvo odnosno biće ispaljene obe rakete od jednom sa podmornice Juri Dolgoruki.

[attachment=1]
Quote
Russia plans four test launches of Bulava missile in June
19/03/201011:42

The Russian Navy is planning to conduct at least four test launches of the Bulava ballistic missile at the end of June, a senior Navy official told RIA Novosti on Friday.

"Two Bulava launches will be carried out from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear submarine, followed by two launches from the Yury Dolgoruky nuclear sub," the source said.

"The second test on the Yury Dolgoruky will be a salvo launch," he said.

The Yury Dolgoruky is the first of Russia's Borey class strategic nuclear submarines, which have been exclusively designed for the Bulava, and is currently undergoing sea trials.

The source said that if the tests are successful, both the submarine and the missile could be put into service with the Russian Navy by the end of 2010.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) is a three-stage liquid and solid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM). It carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles).

The future development of Bulava has been questioned by some lawmakers and defense industry officials following a series of test failures. Only five of 12 Bulava test launches from the Dmitry Donskoy sub have been officially reported as being successful.

Some analysts suggest that in reality the number of failures was considerably larger, with Russian military expert Pavel Felgenhauer contending that of the Bulava's 12 test launches, only one was entirely successful.

But the military has insisted there is no alternative to the Bulava and said the tests of the missile would continue until it is ready to enter service with the Russian Navy.

MOSCOW, March 19 (RIA Novosti)


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on March 23, 2010, 12:54:24 pm
Predstavnici ministarstva odbrane Rusije su rekli da će se u junu odlučiti sudbina rakete Bulava u zavisnosti od uspešnosti izvedenih testova. Do sada je izvršeno 12 testova od kojih čak 7 neuspešno, dok pojedini analitičari tvrde da je zapravo samo jedan test bio u potpunosti uspešan, dok su neki i pored pojedinih grešaka proglašavani uspehom.
U slučaju neuspeha, verovatno će biti odbačen projekat Bulave i biće izabrana Sineva kao nova interkontinentalna balistička raketa za rusku mornaricu.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on May 21, 2010, 02:16:54 pm
21.05.2010.

Testiranje Bulave se pomera za novembar. Prema rečima stručnjaka potrebno je vremena da se naprave tri identične rakete u istim uslovima i da se nakon lansiranja sve tri utvrdi tačan uzrok problema.

Ovaj metod eliminacije će možda dovesti do novih neuspešnih testova, koji bi ukazali na problem i onda bi se tek analizom i otklanjanjem problema moglo doći do uspešnih testova ali tek sredinom naredne godine, dok bi proizvodnja bila pokrenuta možda tek za dve godine nakon niza uspešnih testova. To znači da će nuklearne podmornice koje su predviđene da nose ovu raketu (već završena Jurij Dolgoruki i Aleksandar Nevski koji treba da bude uveden u upotrebu 2011.) dobiti svoje primarno naoružanje tek dve do tri godine nakon uvođenja u upotrebu, i to ako ne bude nikakvih daljih problema sa Bulavom.

Quote
Russia postpones Bulava missile tests until November
21/05/201015:50

Russia has postponed test launches of the troubled Bulava ballistic missile until November this year, the Russian defense minister said on Friday.

The latest launch of the missile, which Russia hopes will be a key element of its nuclear forces, from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear submarine in the White Sea ended in failure in early December 2009. Only five of 12 Bulava launches have been officially reported as being successful.

The Russian Navy earlier planned at least four new test launches of the missile at the end of June, but defense industry experts suggested they would need to build three missiles under identical conditions to establish the causes of the failures.

"We should be ready to resume the [Bulava] tests by November, I think," Anatoly Serdyukov said during talks in Italy, which involved the defense and foreign ministers of both countries.

Serdyukov said that the problems with the missile apparently originate from the faulty assembly process.

"It all comes from the poor quality of assembly. But each failed launch has experienced different problems," the minister said, adding that only the testing of three identical missiles would allow the experts to pinpoint the cause of failures.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) is a three-stage liquid and solid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM). It carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles).

The missile has been specifically designed for Russia's new Borey class nuclear submarines.

The future development of Bulava has been questioned by some lawmakers and defense industry officials who suggest that the Russian Navy should keep using the more reliable Sineva SLBM.

The Russian military has insisted that there is no alternative to the Bulava and pledged to continue testing the missile until it is ready to be deployed with the Navy.

MOSCOW, May 21 (RIA Novosti)


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on July 30, 2010, 01:13:01 am
29.07.2010.

Novo lansiranje rakete Bulava će biti obavljeno u periodu od 9.-12. avgusta, a ukoliko bude uspešno, doći će do novih i brojnijih testiranja ove rakete. Prema nezvaničnim informacijama, poslednji test nije uspeo zbog greške u proizvodnji, konkretno, za neuspeh je okrivljen mlaznik motora.

Quote
Russia to resume test launches of troubled Bulava missile Aug. 9-12
http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20100729/159999076.html
21:04 29/07/2010
Test launches of Russia's ill-fated Bulava ballistic missile will resume between August 9 and 12, a defense industry source said on Thursday.

Test launches of Russia's ill-fated Bulava ballistic missile will resume between August 9 and 12, a defense industry source said on Thursday.

"Preparations for the next test launch have been made. If the launch is a success, tests will be conducted more often," the source said, adding that at least three launches would be conducted before the end of the year.

A source close to the government commission probing the incident said last Friday the failure of the Bulava's latest test launch, from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear submarine in the White Sea on December 9, 2009, was caused by a defective engine nozzle.

After this, all further Bulava test launches were put on hold pending the results of a government investigation.

The source said it was not a design but a manufacturing fault.

"It was simply that the missile wasn't built right," he said.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30), a three-stage liquid and solid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), has officially suffered seven failures in 12 tests.

Some analysts suggest that in reality the number of failures is considerably larger. Russian military expert Pavel Felgenhauer says only one of the 12 launches has been an outright success.

The future development of the Bulava has been questioned by several lawmakers and defense industry officials, who suggest that all efforts should be focused on the existing Sineva SLBM.

However, that would require major changes to the Borey-class submarines. The Russian military has insisted that there is no alternative to the Bulava and pledged to continue testing the missile until it is ready to be put into service with the Navy.

MOSCOW, July 29 (RIA Novosti)


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on August 16, 2010, 02:23:44 pm
16.08.2010.

Iako je planirano da testovi rakete Bulava budu održani u periodu između devetog i četrnaestog avgusta, veliki požari su nadležne naterali da pomere ternmine za najmanje dve nedelje. U ovom momentu požari ugrožavaju neke od pogona zaduženih za izradu pojedinih delova rakete i oni se u ovom trenutku bore za opstanak, tako da je rad na raketi stavljen u drugi plan.

Quote
Russia's Bulava missile tests postponed due to wildfires
http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20100816/160223017.html
17:06 16/08/2010

MOSCOW, August 16 (RIA Novosti) - Russia has postponed the latest test launches of the ill-fated Bulava ballistic missile for at least two weeks due to raging wildfires in the central regions of the country, a Russian newspaper said Monday.

The tests were scheduled for August 9 -August 14, but wildfires threatened the work of the majority of companies involved in the production of components for the missile.

"These conditions do not facilitate serious work," Nezavisimaya Gazeta quoted the director of a Yekaterinburg-based company that manufactures guidance and control systems for Bulava as saying.

The manufacturers are more concerned about their survival at this point, the paper concluded.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30), a three-stage liquid and solid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), has officially suffered seven failures in 12 tests.

A government commission probing the Bulava failures has concluded that the most recent failure of the Bulava's test launch, from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear submarine in the White Sea on December 9, 2009, was caused by a defective engine nozzle.

The commission said the failure was not due to a design but a manufacturing fault, and has given the green light to further testing.

Areas affected by wildfires in Russia were reduced by some 8,000 hectares to 46,000 hectares over the past 24 hours, but many key industrial facilities remain in the danger zone.


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on September 03, 2010, 01:50:46 pm
03.09.2010.

Novi termini za lansiranje su između 9. i 12. septembra. Tvrdi se da je sve spremno i očekuje se da testovi budu uspešni:

Quote
Russia to resume test launches of troubled Bulava missile Sept. 9-12
http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20100903/160452781.html
12:43 03/09/2010
Test launches of Russia's Bulava ballistic missile will resume between September 9 and 12, a defense industry source said on Friday.

Test launches of Russia's Bulava ballistic missile will resume between September 9 and 12, a defense industry source said on Friday.

"Everything is ready for the resumption of test launches," the source said. "I do not think there will be any postponement this time."

Bulava test launches were put on hold after a failed launch, from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear submarine in the White Sea on December 9, 2009, which was caused by a defective engine nozzle.

The source also said if the launch is successful, at least another three test launched will be conducted before the end of the year.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30), a three-stage liquid and solid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), has officially suffered seven failures in 12 tests.

But some analysts suggest that in reality the number of failures was considerably larger, with Russian military expert Pavel Felgenhauer suggesting that of the Bulava's 12 test launches, only one was entirely successful.

MOSCOW, September 3 (RIA Novosti)


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on September 22, 2010, 08:16:25 pm
22.09.2010.

Test rakete Bulava je ponovo odložen na neodređeno vreme. Načelnik generalštaba Nikolaj Makarov je rekao da će testovi početi uskoro, ali ne u septembru kako je prethodno najavljeno.

Quote
Test-launches of Russia's troubled Bulava missile delayed again

Test launches of Russia's ill-fated Bulava ballistic missile will resume "soon," but not in September as previously announced, General Staff Chief Nikolai Makarov said on Wednesday.

Test launches of Russia's ill-fated Bulava ballistic missile will resume "soon," but not in September as previously announced, General Staff Chief Nikolai Makarov said on Wednesday.

Defense Minister Sergei Serdyukov said two weeks ago that the test launches would resume in the second half of September.

The Bulava test launches were put on hold after a failed launch, from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear submarine in the White Sea on December 9, 2009, which was caused by a defective engine nozzle.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30), a three-stage liquid and solid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), has officially suffered seven failures in 12 tests.

But some analysts suggest that in reality the number of failures is considerably larger, with Russian military expert Pavel Felgenhauer suggesting that of the Bulava's 12 test launches, only one was entirely successful.

 

RAMENSKOYE (Moscow Region), September 22


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Dreadnought on September 23, 2010, 08:34:04 am
Rusija će testirati međukontinentalnu balističku raketu


22.09.2010.

U Rusiji će u najbližoj budućnosti biti obavljena testiranja na puštanju u
pogon međukontinentalne balističke rakete morskog baziranja „Bulava".



Od njihovih rezulata zavisi da li će se ponovo razmatrati ceo ciklus proizvodnje ovih raketa, izjavio je načelnik Generalnog štaba Nikolaj Makarov. Po njegovim rečima, ako se pokaže da je puštanje u pogon neuspelo biće ponovo razmotren ceo sistem proizvodnje „Bulave". General je rekao da će se testiranje vršiti s iste one podmornice s koje je bilo vršeno i u decembru prošle godine. Tada se pokazalo da je neuspešno. Makarov je rekao da Rusija nema nameru da se odrekne proizvodnje „Bulave".


Izvor: Glas Rusije


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on October 07, 2010, 04:06:39 pm
07.10.2010.

Bulava je konačno uspešno testirana danas nakon što je uspešno pogodila cilj na poligonu Kura na dalekom istoku Rusije u regionu Kamčatke. Lansiranje je izvršeno sa podmornice Dimitrij Donski iz Belog Mora.

Quote
Russia's Bulava missile hits target in test

12:59 07/10/2010

A test warhead from a Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile successfully hit its target on the Kura test range in Russia's Far East Kamchatka region, the Defense Ministry said on Thursday.

The missile was fired from the Dmitry Donskoy submarine in the White Sea.

Bulava test launches were put on hold after a failed launch on December 9, 2009, which was caused by a defective engine nozzle.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30), a three-stage liquid and solid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), has officially suffered seven failures in 13 tests.


MOSCOW, October 7 (RIA Novosti)

Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Dreadnought on October 27, 2010, 12:44:15 pm
Nova ispitivanja Bulave zakazana za 29. oktobar


26.10.2010.
   
Nova probna lansiranja interkontinentalne balističke rakete pomorskog baziranja Bulava zakazana su za 29. oktobar.

Datum 14. probe rakete odredila je komisija za letačko-inžinjerske probe posle analize rezulteta 13. lansiranja, poroglašenih zadovoljavajućim, saopštio je agenciji RIA Novosti izvor u komisiji. Bulava je nova balistička raketa na čvrsto gorivo namenjena baziranju na podmornicama.


Izvor: Glas Rusije


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on October 29, 2010, 12:04:22 am
29.10.2010.

Za petak je najavljeno još jedno lansiranje rakete Bulava. Ministar odbrane Vladimir Popovkin je izjavio tim povodom da će raketa ući u naoružanje samo pokaže 98-99% pouzdanosti.

Quote
Russia prepares for another test launch of Bulava ballistic missile
http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20101029/161124348.html
02:05 29/10/2010
Russia will hold on Friday another test launch of a Bulava ballistic missile from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear-powered submarine.

Russia will hold on Friday another test launch of a Bulava ballistic missile from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear-powered submarine.

This will be the 14th test launch of the missile. Over half of the previous test launches of the submarine-based missile failed so far.

The latest successful test launch was held on October 7 from the Dmitry Donskoy submarine in the White Sea. The warhead hit its target on the Kura test range in Russia's Far East Kamchatka region.

Deputy Defense Minister Vladimir Popovkin said earlier in the week that the ballistic missile would enter service only when it is 98-99% efficient.

The Russian military expects the Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage ballistic missile is designed for deployment on Borey-class nuclear-powered submarines.

MOSCOW, October 29 (RIA Novosti)


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on October 29, 2010, 11:33:32 am
29.10.2010.

Danas je uspešno izveden još jedan test rakete Bulava koja je pogodila cilj na poligonu Kura na Ruskom dalekom istoku. Raketa je ispaljena sa podmornice Dimitrij Donski, iz Belog Mora, dok je podmornica bila pod vodom.

Quote
Russia carries out another successful test launch of Bulava missile
http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20101029/161125562.html
06:44 29/10/2010
A test warhead from a Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile successfully hit its target on the Kura test range in Russia's Far East Kamchatka region.

A test warhead from a Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile successfully hit its target on the Kura test range in Russia's Far East Kamchatka region, the Russian Defense Ministry said on Friday.

The missile was fired from underwater from the Dmitry Donskoy nuclear-powered submarine in the White Sea at 5:10 Moscow time (1:10 GMT).

This was the 14th test launch of the Russian ballistic missile. Seven of the previous test launches failed due to various technical reasons.

The previous test launch of the Bulava ballistic missile was carried out on October 7 and was also successful.

The Russian military expects the Bulava, along with Topol-M land-based ballistic missiles, to become the core of Russia's nuclear triad.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage ballistic missile is designed for deployment on Borey-class nuclear-powered submarines.


MOSCOW, October 29 (RIA Novosti)

Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Trifko on June 28, 2011, 11:49:58 pm
Rusija uspješno testirala raketu dometa od 8.000 kilometara

 
MOSKVA - Ruska mornarica danas je uspješno izvršila probno lansiranje balističke rakete "bulava" iz nuklearne podmornice nove generacije, poslije serije neuspješnih testova koji su usporili realizaciju najskupljeg vojnog projekta od raspada Sovjetskog Saveza.
"Bulava" je lansirana sa podmornice "Jurij Dolgoruki" u Bijelom moru, koje se nalazi između Rusije i skandinavskih zemalja, saopštio je portparol Ministarstva odbrane pukovnik Igor Konašenkov.
Bojeve glave ovog projektila pogodile su strelište na poluostrvu Kamčatki, oko 5 000 kilometara od mjesta lansiranja, prenosi AP.
"Bulava" je hipersonična raketa čiji se let odvija u tri faze. Projektil nosi bojeve glave koje lako mijenjaju putanju leta i koje mogu da probiju svaki potencijalni odbrambeni sistem. Raketa ima domet od 8 000 kilometara i može da ponese šest do deset nuklearnih bojevih glava.
Ruske balističke rakete iz vremena Sovjetskog Saveza olako odlaze u penziju, a u program "bulava" uložen je veliki dio vojnog budžeta. Do sada je samo polovina od 14 probnih ispaljivanja bila uspješna.
Nova podmornica na nuklearni pogon "Jurij Dolgoruki" može da ponese do 12 projektila "bulava".

Izvor: SRNA - 28.06.2011


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: ORIĆAREB on June 29, 2011, 08:03:04 am
Rusija uspješno testirala raketu dometa od 8.000 kilometara

 
MOSKVA - Ruska mornarica danas je uspješno izvršila probno lansiranje balističke rakete "bulava" iz nuklearne podmornice nove generacije, poslije serije neuspješnih testova koji su usporili realizaciju najskupljeg vojnog projekta od raspada Sovjetskog Saveza.
"Bulava" je lansirana sa podmornice "Jurij Dolgoruki" u Bijelom moru, koje se nalazi između Rusije i skandinavskih zemalja, saopštio je portparol Ministarstva odbrane pukovnik Igor Konašenkov.
Bojeve glave ovog projektila pogodile su strelište na poluostrvu Kamčatki, oko 5 000 kilometara od mjesta lansiranja, prenosi AP.
"Bulava" je hipersonična raketa čiji se let odvija u tri faze. Projektil nosi bojeve glave koje lako mijenjaju putanju leta i koje mogu da probiju svaki potencijalni odbrambeni sistem. Raketa ima domet od 8 000 kilometara i može da ponese šest do deset nuklearnih bojevih glava.
Ruske balističke rakete iz vremena Sovjetskog Saveza olako odlaze u penziju, a u program "bulava" uložen je veliki dio vojnog budžeta. Do sada je samo polovina od 14 probnih ispaljivanja bila uspješna.
Nova podmornica na nuklearni pogon "Jurij Dolgoruki" može da ponese do 12 projektila "bulava".

Izvor: SRNA - 28.06.2011
[attachment=1]


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on October 28, 2011, 01:49:12 pm
28.10.2011.

Jutros je izvedeno treće probno lansiranje rakete Bulava ove godine. Test je bio uspešan i raketa je pogodila zadatu metu, a lansiranje je izvršeno sa podmornice Jurij Dolgoruki iz Belog mora.

Quote
Russian submarine test-fires Bulava missile successfully

11:20 28/10/2011
The Russian Navy successfully test-fired an experimental Bulava (SS-N-X-30) intercontinental ballistic missile on Friday from its Yury Dolgoruky submarine in the White Sea, the Defense Ministry said.

The Russian Navy successfully test-fired an experimental Bulava (SS-N-X-30) intercontinental ballistic missile on Friday from its Yury Dolgoruky submarine in the White Sea, the Defense Ministry said.

“Today as part of the state trials program, a successful routine test took place of a Bulava ICBM from the Yury Dolgoruky submarine,” the Navy said.

The missile, the third Bulava launched this year and seventeenth overall, hit a target on the Kura test range in Kamchatka in the Russian Far East.

“The missile’s flight took place as planned. The missile’s payload hit the range on time," the Defense Ministry said.

Bulava has had a troubled test and development, and only nine of the test firings so far have been declared fully successful.


Izvor: RIA Novosti


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Solaris on December 24, 2011, 11:20:08 am
RUSIJA je u petak provela uspješno testiranje novih međukontinentalnih projektila Bulava, s čijim je testiranjima u prošlih nekoliko pokušaja doživjela neuspjehe, piše Reuters.

Rusko Ministarstvo obrane priopćilo je kako su 12 metara dugi projektili, koje Rusija planira postaviti za osnovu svog nuklearnog arsenala, ispaljeni s podmornice u arktičkom Bijelom moru te su pogodili predviđenu metu, poligon na poluotoku Kamčatki, koji se nalazi na na dalekom istoku Rusije.

Kako je Rusija jedna od zemalja potpisnica Sporazuma o zabrani nuklearnih testiranja (CTBT), projektili su umjesto nuklearnih bojevih glava nosili neaktivne "školske" bojeve glave.

Smisao skupog raketnog programa doveden je u pitanja nakon nekoliko neuspješnih prijašnjih testiranja. Uspješno je provedeno jedno lansiranje s podmornice izvedeno u lipnju.

Projektili Bulava teški su po 36.8 tona svaki i mogu prijeći daljinu od osam tisuća kilometara, te biti naoružani sa šest do deset nuklearnih bojevih glava, koje bi izazvale atomsku detonaciju oko 100 puta jaču od one koja je 1945. godine uništila Hirošimu.

ilustracija :
[attachment=1]

Izvor : index (http://www.index.hr/)


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: kumbor on December 26, 2011, 09:55:12 am
I lansiranje u oktobru 2011. je bilo uspešno.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: pvanja on December 26, 2011, 11:02:01 am
Reklo bi se da su resili probleme koji su ih mucili sa ovim tipom raketa.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: kumbor on December 26, 2011, 02:02:46 pm
Videćemo kad pređu na lansiranje iz podmornice u podvodnoj vožnji. Moskovski institut termotehnike do sada se uopšte nije bavio raketama za podmornice, a oni su glavni nosilac razvoja. Vidimo rezultat političkog forsiranja određenog proizvođača. Uspeće, ali po koju cenu, i da li sa optimalnim rezultatom? Podaci iz popularne literature govore da Bulava ima ozbiljne koncepcijske manjkavosti. Sve dosadašnje podmorničke rakete konstruisao je OKB Makejeva, a rakete za SSBN "Borej" su im izbili iz ruku zarad... :dosada.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: pvanja on December 26, 2011, 02:45:07 pm
Sve je to zbog necijeg %

Mislim da na kraju ce to biti dobra raketa samo sto ce ih kostati i finansiski, vremenski a i izblamirali su se. Dosli su u sitaciju da nisu mogli nazad. To sto su moskovljani glavni nosilac neznaci da nisu uzeli OKB Makajeva za podizvodjaca :). Milsim da je tu bilo bitno da pare idu preko njih da bi se neko omastio.
To je sad jako popularno u svetu (i na istoku i na zapadu). Preko politickih ili nekih drugih veza obezbedis posao a posle uzmes podizvodjace koji ti ustvari odrade deo posla ili veci deo posla.
Zadnje zvanicne informacije govore o tome da pojedini sklopovi nisu bili napravljeni po zadatim specifikacijama i da je zbog toga doslo do otkaza raketa.

U principu primetna je tedencija loseg vodjenja tako krupnih projekata gde se u pocetnim fazama zarad impresioniranja narucioca i dobijanja u vremenu preskoce neke faze istrazivanja i provre koncepta i posle ih to doceka.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: kumbor on December 26, 2011, 03:35:55 pm
Eke.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on February 19, 2012, 04:07:11 pm
18.02.2012.

RIA Novosti

Načelnik ruskog generalštaba, general Nikolaj Makarov je u subotu izjavio kako je glavni uzrok neuspelih lansiranja Bulave zapravo bio ljudski faktor. Nakon nekoliko neuspeha, istragom se došlo do toga da su različiti delovi zakazivali što je ukazivalo na to da je tehničko rešenje Bulave zapravo dobro, ali je u procesu izrade dolazilo do različitih greški. Nakon toga je uvedena vojna kontrola procesa rada svakog dela namenjenog Bulavi, i od tada su sva lansiranja uspešna.

[attachment=1]
Quote
RIA Novosti
General Explains Human Factor in Failed Bulava Launches
http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20120218/171384035.html
21:36 18/02/2012

Unsuccessful launches of Bulava intercontinental ballistic missile happened due to human factor and were the result of unprofessional work of certain people, Chief of the Russian General Staff Gen. Nikolai Makarov said on Saturday.

Trials of Bulava began in 2004, six of the 18 full-scale Bulava trials failed. A series of successful launches began in October 2010.

"You know that there were several unsuccessful launches of Bulava. We stopped the trials, we carefully worked through the reasons of failures and to a greater extent it was a human factor, where a person did his work unprofessionally. You know, as there was no special control he did it "somehow" this was the main factor,” Makarov said in an interview with radio station Echo of Moscow.

At the same time Chief of the Russian General Staff said that the military men initially did not understand what the problem was, as in different four launches there were discovered four unrelated problems.

"We realized that the technical solution itself was correct and we appointed a military officer who oversaw every process and after that all the launches were successful," general said.

On December 23, the strategic submarine Yury Dolgoruky launched two Bulava missiles. The Defense Ministry said that the launch was successful and it will now be adopted for service with the Russian Navy.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on February 19, 2012, 04:09:56 pm
[attachment=1]


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: dexy on June 26, 2012, 09:16:43 pm
Juče je komandant Ruske Mornarice viceadmiral Viktor Čirkov izjavio da je Bulava praktično usvojena od strane mornarice, i trenutno se kompletira papirologija za njen zvanični ulazak u upotrebu.

Quote
Bulava 'De Facto' Enters Service – Navy Chief
http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20120625/174237676.html
20:04 25/06/2012
The Bulava sea-based ballistic missile has de facto entered service, Navy chief Vice Adm. Viktor Chirkov said on Monday.

The Bulava sea-based ballistic missile has de facto entered service, Navy chief Vice Adm. Viktor Chirkov said on Monday.

“The Bulava missile has de facto been adopted for service with the Navy and the de jure paperwork is being completed,” Chirkov said.

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) SLBM, developed by the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology (since 1998), carries up to 10 MIRV warheads and has a range of over 8,000 kilometers (5,000 miles). The three-stage ballistic missile is designed for deployment on Borey-class nuclear submarines.

Only 11 of 18 or 19 test launches of the troubled Bulava have been officially declared successful.

However, some analysts suggest that in reality the number of failures is considerably higher. Despite several previous failures officially blamed on manufacturing faults, the Russian military has insisted that there is no alternative to the Bulava.

Last week the St. Petersburg City Court sentenced two university professors to long prison terms for selling military secrets to China, including data on the Bulava missile system.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Dreadnought on September 18, 2013, 12:48:20 pm
„Bulava“ stavljena pod lupu


17.09.2013.

Još jedno neuspešno lansiranje hvaljene ruske balističke rakete,
naređena provera kakve nikada nije bilo u sovjetskoj i ruskoj istoriji


Mnogo hvaljena i dugo očekivana ruska interkontinentalna raketa „bulava“ koja je napravljena za lansiranje sa ruskih atomskih podmornica, biće sigurno zapamćena kao jedna od najviše kritikovanih. Posle još jednog neuspešnog lansiranja „bulave“ 6. septembra ove godine ministar odbrane Sergej Šojgu je naredio da se obavi velika provera svih fabrika gde se proizvode delovi i kasnije kompletira raketa. Eksperti tvrde da tako velike provere u vojnoj industriji nikada nije bilo u sovjetskoj i ruskoj istoriji.
 
Početkom septembra „bulava“ je lansirana sa strateške atomske podmornice „Aleksandar Nevski“. Već posle dva minuta raketa je pala u vodu. Jedno što se sada zna jeste da posada podmornice nije napravila nikakvu grešku već je svoj zadatak izvršila kako treba.

Glavna verzija razloga neuspešnog lansiranja je fabrička greška dela na motoru rakete, kažu članovi državne komisije na čijem je čelu komandant ruske ratne mornarice admiral Viktor Čirkov. Sada stručnjaci treba da utvrde radi li se o pojedinačnoj grešci kod pravljenja rakete ili je sa greškom cela partija proizvedenih raketa. Koliko je do sada proizvedeno raketa „bulava“ nije saopšteno, ali su sada sve u „opasnosti“ da budu povučene.

Državna komisija će uraditi kontrolu od Moskovskog instituta toplotne tehnike koji je projektovao tu raketu, pa do Votkinskog zavoda, koju je napravio. Osim njih obići će se i fabrike kooperanti koje su pravile određene važne delove. Očekuje se da će komisija svoj posao obaviti do početka oktobra.

Raketa „bulava“ je konstruisana u Moskovskom institutu toplotne tehnike pod rukovodstvom akademika Jurija Solomonova. On je konstruktor i najnovije ruske interkontinentalne balističke rakete „jars“. Prva tri lansiranja „bulave“, od jeseni 2004. naovamo, bila su uspešna, ali je zatim usledio fijasko. Posle sedam neuspešnih lansiranja „bulave“ zaredom u julu 2010. Jurij Solomonov je bio smenjen sa mesta direktora Moskovskog instituta toplotne tehnike.

Trostepena raketa

„Bulava“ je trostepena raketa na tvrdo gorivo. Njen maksimalni domet je osam hiljada kilometara, a može da nosi do deset nadzvučnih blokova sa atomskim bojevim glavama koje u fazi pada mogu da „driblaju“ dakle da menjaju putanju i tako prevare protivnički PVO.

Branko Vlahović
Večernje Novosti (http://www.novosti.rs)


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: pvanja on December 28, 2013, 02:34:31 am
Uglavnom smo gledali snmke lansiranja a evo i snimka sa drugog kraja.

http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=616_1388103923


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: kumbor on December 31, 2013, 02:45:12 pm
MITT se do sada uopšte nije bavio mornaričkim raketama palubnog baziranja, ovo im je prva. Za razliku od Topolja, koji sasvim dobro i pouzdano radi, a Jars je njegova usavršena verzija, problemi sa Bulavom govore o teškoćama i posebnostima razvoja mornaričke rakete.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: kumbor on September 10, 2014, 12:37:51 pm

Prema vestima 1. kanala juče je, ovaj put sa Vladimira Monomaha, lansirana Bulava prema poligonu Kura na Kamčatki. Raketa je odradila ispravno i bojevi blok je pogodio uslovnu metu.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: duje on September 10, 2014, 01:21:38 pm
"Obramba" potvrđuje vijest koju je postavio Kumbor. Raketa je lansirana iz podmornice K-551 koja je bila u Bijelom moru. Raketa je lansirana dok je bila podmornica ispod površine mora. Cilj je pogođen na poligonu Kura na Kamčatki

Vir: "Obramba" SLO
http://www.obramba.com/

PRVA IZSTRELITEV BULAVE IZ NOVE PODMORNICE K-551

V sredo, 10. septembra 2014, so v Belem morju iz ruske strateške jedrske podmornice Vladimir Monomakh razreda borei (projekt 955-A) izstrelili medcelinsko balistično raketo bulava, ki je uspešno zadela na tarčo na vadbišču na Daljnem vzhodu, je dejal predstavnik ruskega obrambnega ministrstva za Itar-Tass. To je bila prva izstrelitev rakete bulava po enoletni prekinitvi testiranj, saj so imeli septembra 2013 še vedno obilo težav.

Balistično raketo bulava so iz podmornice Vladimir Monomakh izstrelili pod vodo. Predstavljala naj bi začetek novih testiranj raketnih sistemov bulava, kot tudi jedrske podmornice Vladimir Monomakh, s katere so prvič izstrelili raketo bulava. Bojna konica rakete bulava naj bi uspešno dosegla vadbišče Kura na Kamčatki, je potrdil Igor Konashenkov. Dodal je, da so bili na podmornici ob tem prisotni tudi predstavniki državne komisije za obrambo, kot tudi glavni poveljnik Ruske mornarice Viktor Chirkov.

Ruski mediji so že dan pred izstrelitvijo poročali, da je jedrska podmornica Vladimir Monomakh zapustila pristanišče Severodvinsk z namenom testiranja balistične rakete bulava. Nekateri anonimni  ruski pravijo, da Ruska mornarica ne želi sprejeti nove podmornice brez testa izstrelitve rakete bulava.

Vladimir Monomakh je tretja podmornica v seriji projekta 955 (razred borei). Plovilo naj bi bilo izročena Ruski mornarici po opravljenih vseh testiranjih v decembru 2014, osem let po začetku njene izgradnje.

Prva podmornica razreda borei imenovana Yury Dolgoruky (K-535) se je pridružila Severni floti Ruske mornarice v januarju 2013, druga podmornica Alexander Nevsky (K-550) pa decembra 2013. Tretjo jedrsko balistično podmornico razreda borei, imenovano Vladimir Monomakh (K-551), še preizkušajo na morju, medtem ko četrto, Knyaz Vladimir, še gradijo v ladjedelnici Sevmash.

Pripravil: A. Knific, foto: Military Photos



Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: MOTORISTA on October 29, 2014, 11:47:16 pm
Rusija uspešno izvela probu novih interkontinetalnih raketa
Beta   29.10.2014.

Ruska mornarica uspešno je danas izvela probno ispaljivanje novog interkontinentalnog balističkog projektila posle dugog i problematičnog rada na njegovom razvoju.

[attachment=1]

Ministarstvo odbrane Rusije saopštilo je da je nuklearna podmornica "Juri Dolgoruki" ispalila projektil "bulava" s položaja pod morem u Barencovom moru. Bojeve glave projektila su uspešno stigle do mete na Kamčatki, navodi se u saopštenju. Lansiranje ovog projektila je bilo ključno za potvrdjivanje njegovih mogućnosti koje je Kremlj proglasio značajnim delom nuklearnog arsenala. Tokom 10 godina testiranja, mnoga lansiranja "bulava" su loše završila što je dovelo u piranje mogućnosti Rusije da uspešno izvede ambiciozan projekat. Više nedavnih lansiranja je prošlo uspešno i ruska mornarica sada ima tri nuklearne podmornice koje mogu nositi "bulave".

Izvor: www.blic.rs


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: duje on November 04, 2014, 04:46:50 pm
Lansiranje

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hFx3gLs9K74


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: kumbor on December 03, 2014, 10:11:17 pm

Svežak... pre par dana na ruskom sajtu.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: MOTORISTA on September 29, 2016, 07:12:14 am
Lansirane dve rakete sa otvorenog mora, jedna pogodila, druga se raspala
Sputnjik   29.09.2016.

Dve balističke rakete "Bulava" lansirane su sa podmornice "Jurij Dolgoruki" u Belom moru na kamčatski poligon Kuru. Jedna je pogodila svoj cilj, a druga se samouništila, navodi se u saopštenju Ministarstva odbrane Rusije.

[attachment=1]

Eksperimentalno gađanje dve interkontinentalne balističke rakete "Bulava" izvedeno je 27. septembra, prenosi "Sputnjik". Obe rakete, kako su naglasili u Ministarstvu odbrane, lansirane su sa podmornice po zadatoj putanji. Bojeve glave prve rakete uspešno su ispunile ceo letni program, pogodivši cilj na poligonu Kuru na Kamčatki. Druga raketa se samouništila nakon izvođenja prve faze programa leta, a uzrok zašto se to desilo nije naveden. Ranije je gađanje dve "Bulave" bilo izvedeno samo jednom, i to sa podmornice "Vladimir Monomah". Tada su obe rakete uspešno pogodile cilj.

Izvor: www.blic.rs


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: kumbor on September 29, 2016, 07:31:14 am


Самоуништење друге ракете догодило се два минута после лансирања.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: pvanja on September 29, 2016, 08:17:11 am
Saga se nastavlja.


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: MOTORISTA on June 27, 2017, 06:20:51 am
Ruska mornarica testirala lansiranje projektila "bulava" iz podmornice
Beta - AP   26.06.2017.

Ruska vojska je danas saopštila da je uspešno lansirala interkontinentalnu balističku raketu sa podmornice.

U saopštenju ministarstva odbrane se navodi da je projektil "bulava" lansiran iz nuklearne podmornice "Jurij Dolgoruki" koja se nalazila u vodama Barencovog mora, a da su lažne bojeve glave pogodile ciljeve na poligonu Kura na Kamčatki. Raketa "bulava", koja je posle dužeg razvoja ušla u arsenal ruske mornarice, nosi šest bojevih glava i ima domet od 9.300 kilometara. Podmornica "Jurij Dolgoruki" je prva podmornica u svojoj klasi koja nosi "bulave". Rusija trenutno ima tri takve podmornice, a u izgradnji je još pet koje treba da zamene starije podmornice sovjetske proizvodnje.

Izvor: www.blic.rs


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: kumbor on June 27, 2017, 08:21:13 am

Да, из Баренцовог мора (руског подморничког "бастиона") ракета  је погодила полигон Кура на Камчатки. "Булава" ће ускоро бити спремна да се прогласи потпуно оперативном, после дугогодишњег развоја уз много "штуцања".


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: MOTORISTA on June 27, 2017, 03:08:59 pm
https://youtu.be/tb0amKr8Y1A


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: Milan (longtrip) on June 30, 2017, 07:38:01 am
[attachment=1]


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: MOTORISTA on May 23, 2018, 06:27:44 am
Ruska podmornica uspešno testirala rakete 'Bulava'
Tanjug  22.05.2018.

Ruska strateška nuklearna podmornica klase Borej, "Juri Dolgoruki" uspešno je testirala četiri interkontinentalne balističke rakete "Bulava", javlja TASS.

[attachment=1]

"Strateška nuklearna podmornica 'Juri Dolgoruki' 22. maja je uspešno testirala četiri interkontinentalne balističke rakete 'Bulava' sa područja na Belom moru, ka metama na poligonu Kura, na poluostrvu Kamčata", saopšteno je iz pres službe ruske flote. Kako se navodi, rakete su lansirane dok je podmornica bila ispod površine vode. "Bulava" ima domet od 10.000 kilometara i može da nosi 10 bojevih glava snage 150 kilotona.

Izvor: www.blic.rs


Title: Re: Saga interkontinentalne balističke rakete Bulava
Post by: MOTORISTA on May 23, 2018, 06:44:29 pm
Snimak sa vežbe.

https://youtu.be/XNEHXkrcq4Q