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Author Topic: Korveta Projekt 20380 Stereguščij  (Read 12313 times)
 
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Rade
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« on: May 21, 2008, 08:31:47 pm »


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"Ruska ratna mornarica već godinama nije naručila niti jedan savremeni površinski brod. Danas ponovo počinjemo s izgradnjom serije savremenih borbenih brodova najnovije tehnologije, polaganjem kobilice prve savremene korvete Projekta 20380. Osavremenjavanje naše ratne mornarice jedna je od glavnih briga naše države". Ovim rečima se predsednik vlade Ruske federacije Mihail Kasjanov obratio ljudima koji su prisustvovali polaganju kobilice prve od dvadeset korveta Projekta 20380 Stereguščij, 21. decembra 2001. godine u brodogradilištu Severnaja Verf.
Rad na projektovanju „višenamenskog obalskog patrolnog broda“, kako su ga Rusi zvanično označili, poveren je projektnom birou Almaz, jer su imali veliko iskustvo u projektovanju korveta i fregata. Biro Almaz je ponudio 8 konstruktivnih rešenja „višenamenskog obalskog patrolnog broda“, što je uz visoku tehnologiju izrade i malu  cenu koštanja opredelilo rusku mornaricu na saradnju baš sa ovom firmom.
Pri konstrukciji trupa i nadgradja broda, primenjena su sva poznata znanja iz oblasti stelt brodogradnje. Osim smanjenja radarskog odraza, vodilo se računa i o smanjenju IC, magnetnog i akustičnog odraza broda. Sam trup izgradjen je od čelika, dok je nadgradje izradjeno od kompozitnih materijala obloženim meterijalnom koji u znatnoj meri apsorbuje radarske zrake. U sferi smanjenja šuma broda, izvršeno je postavljanje glavnih motora i reduktora  na zajednička postolja koja se nalaze na šok zavojnicama. Ugradjen je i sistem koji izduvne gasove motora vodi do dela broda sa najvećom bukom i vibracijama.
Pogonsku grupu broda čini 4 dizel motora (CODAD - Combined Diesel and Diesel), sa kojih se snaga prenosi na dve pogonske osovine. Uparena su dva dizel motora Kolmenski 16D49 sa dva manja motora Kolmenski 10D49. Modularna konstrukcija omogućava promenu pogonske grupe u sistem CODAG. Već je ponudjena konfiguracija sa dve gasne turbine i dva dizel motora snage 27 300 KW.
Višenamenska funkcija ovog broda može se sagledati iz brodskog arsenala. Brod raspolaže protivbrodskim raketnim sistemom, protivpodmorničarskim sistemom, glavnim artiljerijskim sistemom dvostruke namene,sistemima bliske odbrane (CIWS) od kojih je jedan artiljerijsko-raketni sistem. Osim toga predviđena je ugradnja protivraketnog (i protivbrodskog) vertikalnog lansirnog sistema za koji je rezervisan prostor. Na krmi se nalazi i protivpodmornički helikopter.
Glavno artiljerijsko naoružanje predstavlja automatski top AK 190 E kalibra 100 mm sa sistemom za upravljanje paljbom Puma-Univerzal. Namenjen je za gađanje i uništavanje ciljeva na moru, na kopnu i u vazduhu. Ovaj top je razradjen na bazi topa AK-100. Sistem za upravljanje vatrom Ametist 5P Puma-Univerzal ima dva radara i optoelektronske senzore. Istovremeno je moguće pratiti 4 cilja.
Protivbrodski raketni sistem 3M24 Uran-E (SS-N-25 Switchblade) smešten je izmedju glavnog jarbola i krmenog dela nadgradja. Rakete su u transportno-lansirnim kontejnerima, i nalaze se na lanserima u konfiguraciji 2 x 4. Ugradnjom vertikalnih lansera, raketni sistem Uran će najverovatnije biti zamenjen sistemom Yakhont 3M-55E ili Brahmos (rusko-indijska varijanta).
Za blisku odbranu brod raspolaže sa dva sistema bliske odbrane: Kortik/Kaštan i dva topa AK-630. Sistem Kaštan je smešten na platformi odmah iza topa 100mm, dok su topovi AK-630 smešteni na sredini trupa, po jedan na boku.
Po uzoru na najnoviju praksu zapadnih mornarica (La Fayette, Visby, Eliat itd) lanseri protivpodmorničarskih oružja skriveni su u unutrašnjosti krmenog nadgrađa. Borbeni komplet sastoji se od 16 protivpodmorničkih vođenih raketa Vodopad-NK (83 RN ili 84 ) ili torpeda 53-56K (ili SET-65).
Do danas je izgradjeno 5 brodova klase Stereguščij: Stereguščij, Soobražiteljni, Boikoj, Soveršenij i Stojkij.

Taktičko tehničke karakteristike
Dimenzije broda:   
- dužina preko svega   104.5 m
- širina   13.0 m
- gaz   7.8 m (kućište sonara)
Deplasman broda   
- standardni   18 000 t
- puni   21 000 t
Pogonska grupa   CODAD sa mogućnosšću ugradnje CODAG
Brzina   30 čv
Autonomija   15 dana
Posada   100 članova
Naoružanje   2 x 3M24 URAN-E
1 x KORTIK-M (3R87ME)
2 x AK-630
1 x AK-190
2 x Vodopad
2 x RTPU TR-203

« Last Edit: July 28, 2010, 02:04:26 pm by trpe grozni » Logged
marat
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« Reply #1 on: June 04, 2008, 08:18:39 pm »

Do danas je ipak zaplovio samo 1 brod ove klase. I izgleda da je nesto zapelo jer vec preko godinu dana traju ispitivanja, i brod jos nije operativan.
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Rade
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« Reply #2 on: June 04, 2008, 08:20:01 pm »

Svi ruski planovi za razvoj flote ostaju samo na papiru... Sad

Prvi brod iz klase je uveden u operativu 27.02.2008. godine. Inače je dug put od izgradnje, preko opremanja, morskih ispitivanja... do uvodjenja u operativu (naročito u Rusiji).
« Last Edit: June 04, 2008, 08:24:47 pm by Rade » Logged
marat
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« Reply #3 on: June 04, 2008, 08:24:18 pm »

Pa mislim da ce biti buducnosti za taj brod, jos 3 se kompletiraju ali sporo.
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pvanja
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« Reply #4 on: May 23, 2011, 03:57:01 pm »

Drugi i treci brod lagano napreduju.

http://rusnavy.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=11264

http://rusnavy.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=12053
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pvanja
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« Reply #5 on: May 23, 2011, 04:34:35 pm »

Here's what Soobrazitelny will look like when finished (from bow to stern)

- Zarya bow sonar.
- A-190 artillery system.
- 12 x Redut air defense cells.
- Puma artillery guidance system (on top of the command post)
- Monument targeting radar (inside the main mast)
- Furke search radar (the "ball" on top of the main mast)
- 8 x Uran anti-ship missiles
- 2 x AK-630 CIWS
- 8 x Paket anti-submarine rockets
- Ka-27 helicopter


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bmt70
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« Reply #6 on: May 24, 2011, 09:07:16 pm »

Ovu su dobri brodovi.....još če ih graditi....


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Rade
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« Reply #7 on: June 03, 2011, 08:01:15 am »

Otvoreni dan:


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« Reply #8 on: June 03, 2011, 08:03:55 am »


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Bozo13
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« Reply #9 on: June 03, 2011, 08:13:10 am »



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Šta je to na slici?

LPB

« Last Edit: June 03, 2011, 08:40:49 am by Rade » Logged
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« Reply #10 on: June 03, 2011, 08:29:44 am »


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« Reply #11 on: June 03, 2011, 08:32:53 am »


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« Reply #12 on: June 03, 2011, 08:37:04 am »


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« Reply #13 on: June 03, 2011, 08:39:26 am »


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« Reply #14 on: June 03, 2011, 08:41:14 am »


[ Attachment ]

Šta je to na slici?

LPB

Pretpostavka: salutni top?
U pregledu naoružanja ove klase nemea nečeg sličnog.
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