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Author Topic: Oklopni krstaši klase Garibaldi  (Read 4630 times)
 
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ML
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« on: December 30, 2010, 01:04:49 pm »

Oklopni krstaši

Da se vratimo malo unazad , u 1894 ka oklopnom krstašu Garibaldi klase, koja je postala i komercijalna klasa, zamišlljena da ima impresivnu artiljeriju na dosta skromnoj veličini broda. Brod je imao i dosta veliku brzinu (20 čv) i bio solidno oklopljen. Ubrajaju ih prethodnicu bojnih krstaša, koji se pojavljuju dosta kasnije, negde oko 1907g. , donekle i kasnijih džepnih bojnih brodova.

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Nadgrađe je po italijanskom maniru bilo po dužini simetrično, sa po jednom topovskom kulom  na pramcu i na krmi broda. Nuđeni su u više varijanti naoružani sa
glavnim kalibrom 4x 203mm, 1x254mm+2x203mm ili 2x254mm. Srednja artiljerija je bila 14x 152mm, pored toga 10x80mm i 6x 47mm.
Izgrađena se 3 brodova za italijansku flotu, 4 za Argentinu, 2 za Japan i jedan za Španiju.( Garibaldi • Ferrucio • Varese • Nisshin • Kasuga • Cristobal Colón • San Martín • Remo • Gen. Pueyrredón • Gen. Belgrano).

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Rađeni su u dvije različice:
Garibaldi(Nisshin)
112x18,7x7,3m deplasmana 7,698t , oklonog pojasa 150mm
Manja verzija (Cristobal Colon)
100x 18,2x 7,32m ,deplasmana 6,840t
Obje verzije su imale i torpedine cijevi 4x450mm
Za razliku od večine italijanskih brodova ovi su učestvovali u borbama na moru.
Garibaldi, Ferrucio i Varese su učestvovali su u Italo-turskom ratu , u opsadi Bejruta Garibaldi je potopio tursku oklopnjaču Avnilla i više topovnjača, sastav je učestvovao i pri bombardovanju Dardanela.
Nisshin i Kasuga su učestvovali u Tsushimskoj bici, gdje se Nisshin istakao, uzeo je učešča u potapanju admiralskog broda druge ruske divizije Oslabja, bio je više puta pogođen, jedna kula od 203mm je direktim pogotkom izbačena iz borbe ali brod nije napuštao borbeni stroj.

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Španjolski Colon je imao glavno naoružanje 2x 254mm, ali je prije montaže glavne artiljerije bio poslan u borbu i potopljen je u Špansko –Američkom ratu, kada ga je oštečenog posada nasukala otvorivši ventile za naplavljivanje.
Colon brez glavne artiljerije, vidi se prazan otvor na kuli.
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* rn_garibaldi_trials.jpg (73.75 KB, 600x367 - viewed 371 times.)

* nisshin.jpg (47.83 KB, 600x315 - viewed 288 times.)

* colon_officers.jpg (91.13 KB, 600x383 - viewed 357 times.)
« Last Edit: June 08, 2012, 09:23:06 am by MOTORISTA » Logged
MOTORISTA
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« Reply #1 on: June 14, 2012, 01:00:06 pm »

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* RN_Ferruccio.jpg (30.86 KB, 600x409 - viewed 234 times.)
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« Reply #2 on: June 14, 2012, 03:50:52 pm »

Iz KUK Kriegsmarine Almanach 1917.

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Garibaldi je uzeo učešće u italijanskom flotnom sastavu koji je bombardovao železničku komunikaciju na potezu Sarajevo - Boka 17. jula 1915. godine. Tokom noći 18. jula, Graribaldi je torpedovan od strane AU podmornice U-4 ispred Dubrovnika. Potonuo je za samo tri minuta a 53 člana posade je poginulo u ovom napadu.


AU propagandna razglednica povodom potapanja Garibaldija
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* garibaldi.jpg (208.08 KB, 1024x674 - viewed 189 times.)
« Last Edit: June 15, 2012, 11:44:14 am by dreadnought » Logged
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« Reply #3 on: February 01, 2013, 04:43:50 pm »

Iz The Naval Annual (1902).


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* giuseppe garibaldi_1.jpg (42.37 KB, 744x589 - viewed 179 times.)
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« Reply #4 on: February 16, 2015, 02:18:39 pm »

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« Reply #5 on: April 22, 2015, 07:15:35 am »

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« Reply #6 on: April 23, 2017, 06:14:40 am »

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* RN Varese.jpg (85.01 KB, 891x582 - viewed 95 times.)
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« Reply #7 on: June 19, 2018, 09:28:17 pm »

Nisshin i Pueyrredon.

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* Pueyrredon.jpg (137.52 KB, 1000x837 - viewed 46 times.)
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