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Author Topic: Bastion  (Read 6475 times)
 
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Dreadnought
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« on: February 26, 2009, 08:21:36 pm »

Bastion (francuski: bastion), je kod artiljerijskih tvrdjava istureni deo fortifikacione ograde (deo koji se u obliku klina izdvaja od tvrdjavskog prstena), sa koga su bocnom vatrom branjeni prilazi glavnom bedemu, narocito tvrdjavskoj kapiji. Postoje razne vrste bastiona; najcesci je petougaon sa dve prednje strane (fase) i dve bocne (flanke).

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Bastion Sv. Stjepana, Dubrovnik


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Jedan od bastiona zamka Copertino, Italija


Bastiona trasa

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Mere Bastiona po Vobanovom metodu

Sistem bastiona povezanih zidovima (kurtinama), gradjen po principu odbrane prostora ispred tvrdjave frontalnom i unakrsnom vatrom. Vobanova skola bastionih trasa: Sebastian Voban (Vauban, 1633-1707), markiz, vojni inzenjer, grditelj, ratni takticar i marsal Francuske zastupao je ideju da svako utvrdjenje, koje je zvezdastog oblika i omogucuje unakrsnu vatru, treba da poseduje prostrane bastione i kratke zidove radi spajanja bokova dva susedna bastiona.

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Pogled iz vazduha na bastion dvorca Siklós, Mađarska


Tipovi Bastiona

-Pun (Popunjen) bastion
-Šuplji (nepopunjen) bastion
-Ravan bastion
-Isečeni bastion
-Kompozitni bastion
-Polu-bastion
-Dvostruki bastion

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Crtež šupljeg bastiona




* bastion.jpg (67.11 KB, 601x432 - viewed 145 times.)

* bastion 1.jpg (81.92 KB, 637x477 - viewed 139 times.)

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* bastion 4.jpg (54.89 KB, 497x427 - viewed 147 times.)
« Last Edit: July 28, 2010, 01:27:00 pm by dreadnought » Logged
Dreadnought
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« Reply #1 on: February 27, 2009, 05:33:38 pm »

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Bastion Bembo, Solin, grad Klis

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Bastion Grimani, Knin

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Bastion Kavaljer Svecezek, Knin

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Bastion Pisani Knin


* bastion 5.jpg (83.95 KB, 600x433 - viewed 109 times.)

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« Last Edit: July 28, 2010, 01:31:21 pm by dreadnought » Logged
Dreadnought
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« Reply #2 on: February 27, 2009, 06:33:42 pm »

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Bastion Sv. spasitelja, Dubrovnik

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Bastion Sv. Petra, Dubrovnik

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Bastion Sv. Margarete, Dubrovnik

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Bastion Sv. Elizabete, Sl. Brod


* bastion 9.jpg (81.14 KB, 597x433 - viewed 115 times.)

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* bastion 11.jpg (42.98 KB, 334x435 - viewed 128 times.)

* bastion 12.jpg (60 KB, 596x433 - viewed 114 times.)
« Last Edit: July 28, 2010, 01:34:00 pm by dreadnought » Logged
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