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Author Topic: Prodaja oružja u svetu  (Read 13606 times)
 
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Dreadnought
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« Reply #90 on: August 03, 2020, 07:56:59 am »



Rusko naoružanje se plaća i palminim uljem


Iako Vašington preti sankcijama, azijske države su zainteresovane za kupovinu ruskog oružja.

Rusija je sve svoje snage usmerila na prodaju naoružanja Jugoistočnoj Aziji, kako bi ojačala ekonomiju i diplomatske odnose, iako je već neko vreme pod sankcijama Zapada, piše japanski Nikei ejžan rivju (Nikkei).

Ambasador Rusije u Džakarti, Ljudmila Vorobjova, je izrazila veliku nadu da će Indonezija kupiti ruske lovce Su-35. Vlada Indonezije je još 2018. godine potpisala ugovor za kupovinu 11 aviona u vrednosti od 1,1 milijardi dolara, bez obzira što je Amerika zapretila većim sankcijama prema Džakarti ako se realizuje kupovina.

"Sankcije ne mogu da utiču na kupovinu kvalitetnog ruskog naoružanja", izjavila je Vorobjova novinarima.

Indonezija razmatra kupovinu Su-35S kao svojih novih lovaca. Na taj način bi pratila Moskvu i Vašington, prenosi Sputnjik.

Svoju saradnju sa Rusijom na temu naoružanja je potvrdio i Vijetnam 3. jula na onlajn sastanku. Pored toga, Rusija je u januaru isporučila tenkove Laosu.

Prema informacijama Stokholmskog međunarodnog instituta, Rusija je prodala 28 odsto od svog naoružanja koje je planirala za zemlje Azije u periodu 2010-2019. godine.

Prodaja u Americi je sa 23 pala na 18 odsto. Uspešnija je bila Kina, koja je za poslednjih 20 godina udvostručila izvoz naoružanja, ali Peking i dalje zaostaje za Moskvom za 8 odsto. Prema navodima autora, članka rusko oružje je jeftinije od američkog i evropskog.

Indonezija i Tajland su periodu virusa korona smanjili troškove za kupovinu naoružanja, dok Kina povećava vojnu aktivnost u Južnom kineskom moru, tako da je naoružanje iz Rusije privlačno.

"Rusija ima fleksibilan stav na temu načina plaćanja, što za nju predstavlja prednost", rekao je direktor sektora političkih istraživanja japanskog Nacionalnog instituta odbrane Sindzi Hiodo.

Indonezija planira da polovinu iznosa na ime kupovine Su-35 plati izvozom palminog ulja, gume i drugih proizvoda.

Moskva planira da podigne ekonomsku moć izvozom naoružanja u Jugoistočnu Aziju. Na taj način razvija i saradnju sa više strana u nadi da će se odnosi Amerike i Kine uskoro pogoršati.

Takođe, rukovodilac Rosteha Sergej Čemezov je u razgovoru s predsednikom Rusije Vladimirom Putinom saopštio da je izvršena prva isporuka Turskoj, a u pitanju je protivraketni sistem S-400 Trijumf.

Prema njegovim rečima, vrednost ugovora je 2,5 milijardi dolara. "To je prvi veliki ugovor koji smo sklopili sa državom članicom NATO", citira Čemezova pres-služba Kremlja.

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MOTORISTA
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« Reply #91 on: August 04, 2020, 04:57:20 pm »

Kako bi osigurala nesmetan izvoz i prodaju svog naoružanja i vojne opreme, SAD su spremne da počnu sa odobravanjem kredita i pozajmica stranim vladama kod američkih banaka, kao i sa reprogramiranjem preostalih dugova napravljenih po toj osnovi.

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To keep weapon sales in place, US offers new options for payment
By: Aaron Mehta August 4. 2020

WASHINGTON — The United States is developing new options for arms customers as a way to ensure allies and partners don’t drop planned procurements as the world economy remains in shock from the impacts of COVID 19.

Among the options, according to outgoing Defense Security Cooperation Agency head Lt. Gen. Charles Hooper, are allowing foreign countries to finance arms procurement through U.S. bank loans and altering existing payment schedules to stretch the costs over time.

“The bottom line here is, we are willing to work with our allies and partners, when they raise the challenges that they have, to find ways for them to continue to buy American and to ensure that they can pay for the equipment along a payment schedule that reflects their own economic conditions,” Hooper said.

During an exclusive exit interview with Defense News, Hooper declined to say which countries have already approached his agency about economic impact from the disease, but said that there are “certainly” customer nations that have reached out.

“There are partners that, we’re already seeing that they are having challenges. So we’re standing ready to work with them. As soon as we can gain an appreciation and the understanding of the challenges, we can find ways to help them,” Hooper said.

Hooper talked with Defense News two weeks before his Aug. 3 retirement. He is succeeded by Heidi Grant, the head of the Defense Security Technology Administration, a move that marks the first time a civilian has led the office since a previous agency was recognized into the current DSCA structure in 1998. The general expressed no concerns over that move, in large part, he said, because of Grant, a fixture in the international security cooperation world.

Grant will have to hit the ground running, given the potential impact from COVID on the world economies. The good news, Hooper said, is that by March, DSCA had concluded that the global economy would be hurt by the disease and set up an interagency working group, called the Operations Planning Group, to study program-level impacts from global trends and develop solutions.

The first step Hooper’s team took was to revise the collection process of foreign payment in order to make them “a bit more flexible, to accommodate those partners that may be having some economic difficulties or may have reprioritized their budgets towards for example, economic recovery and away from defense.”

Those options include delaying payments on planned procurements to future years, creating new payment plans for ongoing procurement efforts, and returning funds currently on deposit with the United States to the customer nations as well as new financing strategies.

“One of the things we did is we are allowing our partners to draw on standby letters of credit from foreign banks operating in the United States, according to U.S. banking rules,” Hooper explained. “That offers a nation an opportunity to draw, for example, in that case, a standby letter of credit on one of their banks that operates in the United States, under United States banking rules, which ensures that there’s no fiduciary risk to the United States.”

DSCA officials had been considering adding such an option for some time, but the economic downturn pushed the agency to start offering it for customer nations, Hooper added. Lucie Béraud-Sudreau, director of the Arms and Military Expenditure Programme at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, said that option sounds different from funding plans that have existed for some time in Europe, where specific entities in countries are responsible for guaranteeing arms-recipient states’ loans thanks to the state treasury.

“There are a number of economic factors globally, that we anticipate will likely have an impact on country’s abilities to move forward,” Hooper said. “Obviously, energy prices are lower, and those countries all over the world that specialize in energy are going to see a fall in revenue. We see countries that, as a result of the pandemic, are having to shift funds from their defense budgets to more domestic missions like economic recovery and other things.”

In addition to oil-reliant nations in the Middle East, Béraud-Sudreau said to watch the Pacific region, where “many countries have already decided to cut their military spending for this year, and planning decreases for 2021.” Indonesia, Thailand, South Korea, and the Philippines are among the nations that have already announced plans to cut defense spending, while Singapore is seeing delays in weapon deliveries due to supply chain issues.

“If there are limited orders in 2020-2021, there will be repercussions later on, as these companies work on long-term projects. Hence the pressure, on both sides of the Atlantic, for the defense sector to be part of economic recovery packages and high levels of military expenditure,” she said.

Over the course of his time at DSCA, Hooper oversaw almost 18,300 Foreign Military Sales actions, including 5,800 new agreements and various amendments and modifications to existing agreements, according to agency figures. He reduced three different surcharges on customers, saving customers millions of dollars as well. Also, timelines shrunk, with DSCA offering 50 percent of all new FMS cases that flow through the process to partner nations in 49 days or less by Hooper’s exit.

And while Hooper did not want to preview what weapon sales totals for fiscal 2020 will be, he did say that the United States remains “on a very positive trajectory… We remain the global partner of choice. And I’m very optimistic that we’re going to continue to see positive trends in our foreign military sales this year and in the years to come.”


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« Reply #92 on: August 04, 2020, 06:10:00 pm »

И ова врста трговине се пребацила на "модерне" маркетиншке трикове: "акција", "платиш две добијеш три" и сл... Још да уведу, како се оно зваше "црни петак" и биће као и свака друга трговина...
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