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Author Topic: Rusija o modernizaciji vojske  (Read 215550 times)
 
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kumbor
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« Reply #1650 on: June 25, 2019, 03:00:54 pm »



Бикалибарна конструкција ракете има ту предност да је бустер знатно већег скоро два пута већег калибра, па је могуће уградити мотор великог потиска који убрзава ракету до 1.000-1.300м/с, после чега се гаси и одбацује. Предњи део ракете, мањег калибра, наставља да лети и нема сопствени мотор у правом смислу, већ само гасогенераторе за корекцију путање. Бојева глава је веома велика за ту величину ракете и заузима више од половине њеног маршевског дела. Карактеристике система су с обзиром на величину ракете импресивне, али систем није проверен у реалној борби. Систем је развијен почетком 2000их, али тек сад улази у ширу употребу.
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« Reply #1651 on: June 25, 2019, 04:54:33 pm »

Zar niju Pancir još proveren ili ne spada u tu kategoriju bikalibarnih sistema? Takve (ili slićne) konstrukcije je i RBS-23 Bamse te beloruska modernizacija Ose (SA-8) pod imenom T38 Stilet. Mislim, da i Poljaci rade na slićnom konceptu za svoje potrebe.
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« Reply #1652 on: June 25, 2019, 05:52:11 pm »

Zar niju Pancir još proveren ili ne spada u tu kategoriju bikalibarnih sistema? Takve (ili slićne) konstrukcije je i RBS-23 Bamse te beloruska modernizacija Ose (SA-8) pod imenom T38 Stilet. Mislim, da i Poljaci rade na slićnom konceptu za svoje potrebe.

Панцир јесте веома успео систем, сада већ проверен у реалним условима. Сосна (бор) је скромнији систем малог домета и има другачији начин вођења од Панцира, па и Тунгуске. Добро је што на МТ-ЛБ шасији за Сосну нема интегрисаног радара, па нема ни исијавања које се може ометати, мада се ласерски сигнал може гушити, али није баш тако лако приметљив, мислим ја.
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pvanja
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« Reply #1653 on: June 25, 2019, 08:56:18 pm »

Rusi nude i ugradnju malog radara na Sosnu.

Takodje spominju i automatsko sektorsko osmatralje optickim senzorima.

Gusenje lasera nije lako - najefikasnije je zadimljavanjem.

Ono sto bi moglo da se ometa je optika na lanseru (ima automatski i  rucni mod) koja prati cilj i usmerava laser.

U svakom slucaju rekao bih da je za Sosnu glavna lovina, bespilotne letelice (pominju se i precizno vodjena ubojna sredstva), krstarece rakete, helikopteri pa na kraju avioni.

U principu meni vise za Saosnu ide da ima topove nego na ovim zadnjim verzijama Pancira.

Zbog neposredne PVO oklopno-mehanizovanih jedinica bice bliza prednjem kraju i izlozenija neposrednom kontaktu sa neprijateljem.

Jedino ako rusi planirjau da Sosnu upare sa ovim novim samohodnim PVO topom od 57mm.
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« Reply #1654 on: June 26, 2019, 07:41:59 am »

Rusija predstavila projekat „malog nosača aviona“
NovostiOnline   25. jun 2019.

Na forumu „Armija 2019“ predstavljen je projekat lakog nosača aviona, koji je napravljen po šemi „polukatamarana“, saopštio je Pavel Filipov, vršilac dužnosti generalnog direktora preduzeća „Krilovski državni naučni centar“, prenosi televizija „Zvezda“.



„Naši naučnici su razvili jedinstven oblik trupa, takozvani „polukatamaran.“ Zahvaljujući takvom obliku, uspeli smo da napravimo na brodu relativno mali deplasman, oko 44 hiljade tona, povećali smo površinu palube i samim tim smo povećali broj letelica za 25 do 30 odsto u poređenju sa drugim projektima“, rekao je Filipov. Prema njegovim rečima, ovaj brod ne bi trebalo da bude na nuklearni pogon, jer nije svrsishodno.

Filipov je istakao da je „Krilovski centar“ na forumu „Armija 2019“ predstavio tri verzije brodova — nosača aviona sa različitim tipovima pogonskih sistema i različitim letelicama koje prima. Novinska agencija „Rusija sevodnja“ zvanična je informativna agencija foruma, a međunarodna agencija i radio Sputnjik je međunarodni informativni partner „Armije 2019“.

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„Kalašnjikov“ predstavio prvi patrolni dron kamikazu
Novosti online   25. jun 2019.

Koncern „Kalašnjikov“ je proizveo prvi u Rusiji patrolni dron kamikazu „Lancet“, izjavio je generalni direktor koncerna Vladimir Dmitrijev.



„Nakon predstavljanja prvog proizvoda dobili smo mnogo molbi, u kojima je traženo da dron ne izgubi video-kontakt sa operatorom pre nego što dođe u kontakt sa metom. Danas vršimo svetsku premijeru. Drugi proizvod u liniji udarnih bespilotnih letelica je ’Zala Lancet‘“, rekao je Dmitrijev na tradicionalnoj godišnjoj prezentaciji koncerna uoči foruma „Armija 2019“. Prema rečima generalnog direktora „Rosteha“ Sergeja Čemezova, novi intelektualni sistem „Zala Lancet“ uključuje izviđački, komunikacioni, navigacioni i visokoprecizni udarni elemenat.

„U uslovima novih borbenih dejstava on je sposoban da napada u vazduhu, na zemlji, u vodi, bez kopnene ili morske infrastrukture. U pogledu efikasnosti taj sistem prevazilazi standardne vrste naoružanja, ali košta mnogo manje“, rekao je Čemezov. Podsetimo, prethodnik „Lanceta“ — dron „Kub BLA“, kako su pisali mediji, može da razvija brzinu od 80 do 130 kilometara na sat i da se nalazi na nebu do 30 minuta, dok njegova nosivost iznosi oko tri kilograma.

Izvor: www.novosti.rs
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« Reply #1655 on: June 26, 2019, 07:59:55 am »

Rusija predstavila projekat „malog nosača aviona“
NovostiOnline   25. jun 2019.

Na forumu „Armija 2019“ predstavljen je projekat lakog nosača aviona, koji je napravljen po šemi „polukatamarana“, saopštio je Pavel Filipov, vršilac dužnosti generalnog direktora preduzeća „Krilovski državni naučni centar“, prenosi televizija „Zvezda“.



„Naši naučnici su razvili jedinstven oblik trupa, takozvani „polukatamaran.“ Zahvaljujući takvom obliku, uspeli smo da napravimo na brodu relativno mali deplasman, oko 44 hiljade tona, povećali smo površinu palube i samim tim smo povećali broj letelica za 25 do 30 odsto u poređenju sa drugim projektima“, rekao je Filipov. Prema njegovim rečima, ovaj brod ne bi trebalo da bude na nuklearni pogon, jer nije svrsishodno.

Filipov je istakao da je „Krilovski centar“ na forumu „Armija 2019“ predstavio tri verzije brodova — nosača aviona sa različitim tipovima pogonskih sistema i različitim letelicama koje prima. Novinska agencija „Rusija sevodnja“ zvanična je informativna agencija foruma, a međunarodna agencija i radio Sputnjik je međunarodni informativni partner „Armije 2019“.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

„Kalašnjikov“ predstavio prvi patrolni dron kamikazu
Novosti online   25. jun 2019.

Koncern „Kalašnjikov“ je proizveo prvi u Rusiji patrolni dron kamikazu „Lancet“, izjavio je generalni direktor koncerna Vladimir Dmitrijev.



„Nakon predstavljanja prvog proizvoda dobili smo mnogo molbi, u kojima je traženo da dron ne izgubi video-kontakt sa operatorom pre nego što dođe u kontakt sa metom. Danas vršimo svetsku premijeru. Drugi proizvod u liniji udarnih bespilotnih letelica je ’Zala Lancet‘“, rekao je Dmitrijev na tradicionalnoj godišnjoj prezentaciji koncerna uoči foruma „Armija 2019“. Prema rečima generalnog direktora „Rosteha“ Sergeja Čemezova, novi intelektualni sistem „Zala Lancet“ uključuje izviđački, komunikacioni, navigacioni i visokoprecizni udarni elemenat.

„U uslovima novih borbenih dejstava on je sposoban da napada u vazduhu, na zemlji, u vodi, bez kopnene ili morske infrastrukture. U pogledu efikasnosti taj sistem prevazilazi standardne vrste naoružanja, ali košta mnogo manje“, rekao je Čemezov. Podsetimo, prethodnik „Lanceta“ — dron „Kub BLA“, kako su pisali mediji, može da razvija brzinu od 80 do 130 kilometara na sat i da se nalazi na nebu do 30 minuta, dok njegova nosivost iznosi oko tri kilograma.

Izvor: www.novosti.rs

Директор Криловског института говори о том "малом" НА, који је опет габарита "Кузњецова" (ЛОА 305м, Б трупа 39м, БОА 80м), као да већ има закључени уговор за градњу од иностраног наручиоца, што за сада није тачно, мада свакако интересената има.
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« Reply #1656 on: June 26, 2019, 07:14:26 pm »

Rusija počinje sa konstruisanjem obalne podmornice sa AIP pogonom.


* 01p-750-B.jpg (25.48 KB. 799x450 - viewed 5 times.)


Quote

Russia Designs P-750B Sub with Gas Turbine Airless Powerplant
26 June 2019

Malachite Marine Design Bureau (Saint Petersburg, Russia) keeps on working on the project of a submarine with common submerged/surface powerplant. The closed-cycle air-independent propulsion powerplant will considerably increase the submarine’s continuous submerged range, the company’s representatives told Mil.Press Today at the Army-2019 forum.

The P-750B submarine is meant for delivering strikes upon enemy’s coastal facilities, destruction of submarines and surface ships. The sub is capable of covert delivery, landing and taking onboard of recon and sabotage groups (up to 16 men). It also can plant mines and conduct reconnaissance.


Among the sub’s advantages, designers name advanced weapons, radio electronic aids, high automation level, small crew (18–20 men), maneuverability, acoustic discretion, and shallow/narrow waters operability. Besides, P-750B can be based in the available naval stations and ports.

Displacing about 1,450 tons, P-750B is attributed to the class of small-size littoral zone submarines. Its length is about 66 meters, beam is somewhat 7 meters, draft is around 5.2 meters. Max diving depth is 300 meters. Full submerged speed is 18 knots, cruising one is 4 knots. Endurance is up to 30 days, overall operational range is up to 4,300 nautical miles. Continuous submerged range with anaerobic powerplant is up to 1,200 nautical miles.

The powerplant includes the closed-cycle gas turbine engines (2 x 400 kW) and a 2,500-kW propulsion motor.

Weapons: 533-mm torpedoes, missiles, mines.


Izvor: www.mil.today

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« Reply #1657 on: June 27, 2019, 06:53:10 am »

Rusija razvija sopstvenu leteću topovnjaču od aviona An-12, na kojem bi ugradila dva oruđa kalibra 57 mm kao i nekoliko manjih topova i mitraljeza.

Quote

Russia Reportedly Developing Its Own AC-130-Like Gunship From Converted An-12 Cargo Planes
BY JOSEPH TREVITHICK JUNE 26, 2019

The project will start with converting a single Antonov An-12 to carry a pair of 57mm cannons to help with further development of the final design.

Russia is reportedly looking to develop an AC-130-like gunship armed with a pair of 57mm automatic cannons, as well as additional smaller guns. The first phase of the project would involve the conversion of an Antonov An-12 Cub cargo plane into a flying testbed to experiment with different weapons and tactics, techniques, and procedures.

State-owned media outlet TASS reported the new development on June 26, 2019, citing an anonymous source within Russia's state-run military-industrial complex. This individual disclosed the new information on the sidelines of the Army-2019 international military and technical forum, which had opened the day before. This annual event offers, among other things, an opportunity for Russian defense contractors and the Russian military to show off new and improved aircraft, vehicles, weapons, and other military hardware, as well as systems still in development.

Work has begun to "develop a flying [artillery] battery – an aircraft directly supporting troops on the battlefield, similar to the American AC-130 gunships," the source told TASS. "The An-12 military transport aircraft with two 57mm guns will be used as a flying laboratory." This individual did not say what company or companies would be involved in the project, what type of 57mm guns they would install on the An-12, or why they would use that particular plane as the testbed. The four-engine Soviet-era turboprop cargo plane has been out of production since 1973, but the aircraft remains in Russian military service and is roughly analogous to the C-130 Hercules, which serves as the basis for the AC-130.

The most likely candidate for the 57mm gun is the increasingly popular BM-57, a modernized derivative of Soviet-era S-60 anti-aircraft gun. UralVagonZavod (UVZ), Russia's main tank and armored vehicle manufacturer, as well as its numerous subsidiaries, have been experimenting with mounting this weapon on a variety of different vehicles, including the BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle and T-15 heavy armored personnel carrier, in recent years.

At the MILEX-2019 military trade show in Belarus in May 2019, Alexander Potapov, UVZ's general director, said his company was working on how to possibly integrate 57mm cannons onto other platforms besides vehicles. This included exploring the potential to mount the guns on Russian Navy ships and Russian Air Force aircraft, he added, according to TASS.

It's not entirely clear why the Russians might be interested in creating their own version of the AC-130 now, either. The general concept of converting cargo planes into armed gunships has been around for more than 50 years now, but the U.S. Air Force has remained the largest and longest operator of such planes.

Today, that service uses them almost exclusively to support special operations forces and at night, where they can also use their powerful sensor suites to also perform persistent intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) and armed overwatch missions. Russian special operations units, commonly known as Spetznaz, have been steadily taking some inspiration from their Western counterparts and have been increasingly employed overseas in various limited conflicts, especially in Syria, all of which might have prompted demands for a capability akin to an AC-130.

The general principle behind the side-firing gunship is, by now, well-established and combat-proven. A plane with guns sticking out one side and flying in a tight circle over a particular target can provide precise fire even without the aid of modern sensors and combat-aided stabilization and targeting systems. To this day, variants of the AC-130 employ simple holographic sights meant for small arms and light weapons mounted facing out one of the side windows in the cockpit to help the pilot keep the aircraft stable in its orbit around the target area.

In addition, though automatic cannons fire high-explosive shells, they also simply offer a smaller blast radius than traditional bombs and missiles, making them well suited to engaging targets that may be dangerously close to friendly forces. The U.S. Air Force had been working to develop gunships that would almost exclusively employ precision-guided munitions, rather than guns, but has steadily reversed course for this reason.

For the Russian Air Force, which still relies heavily on unguided munitions, a side-firing gunship could be an especially valuable, not to mention cost-effective, addition for providing more precise fire, especially in lower-risk environments. For instance, Russia remains heavily engaged in Syria, fighting various militants and terrorists opposed to the regime of Syrian dictator Bashar Al Assad, often in urban environments, where more precise aerial fire support able to engage opponents relatively close to friendly troops could be invaluable.

The gunships would also be able to rapidly engage multiple targets with overwhelming firepower and loiter over a particular part of the battlefield for an extended period of time. A mix of different caliber cannons, as is found on American AC-130s, could give Russian gunships additional flexibility. Russia could also look to arm these aircraft with other munitions, including unguided and guided bombs and missiles.

It wouldn't be the first time the Russians have explored the idea of using a cargo plane as a bomber. In 2015, the Russian Air Force experimented with four-engine Il-76MD jet transport modified to carry bombs. The Soviet Antonov design bureau originally designed the An-12 with provisions for bomb racks on the main landing gear sponsons so it could serve as a bomber, if necessary, before removing those features in subsequent variants. It also experimented with a cargo bay-mounted "conveyor" that would have dropped bombs right out the back.

With a suitable sensor suite, the aircraft could perform the nighttime ISR and overwatch missions, just like U.S. Air Force gunships. Russia has already developed a host of electronic warfare and countermeasures systems that could help ensure the survivability of an armed cargo plane flying under the cover of darkness, as well. A version of the President S directional infrared countermeasures system, which uses turreted lasers to blind and confuse the seekers on short-range heat-seeking surface-to-air missiles, would be one particularly useful addition for operations in the Syrian theater, where this threat has been particularly pronounced.

There's also no particular reason why Russia would have to stick with the An-12 as the platform for an operational gunship. Blackwater founder and notorious private military contractor Erik Prince had proposed converting smaller twin-engine An-26 turboprops into side-firing gunships as part of a plan to form a private air force to support the government of Afghanistan. Many of Antonov's smaller designs also had similar bombing capabilities to the An-12, too. The Indian and Iraqi Air Forces have been particularly significant users of the An-32 in the bomber role in the past.

With this in mind, a Russian-made side-firing gunship design could find significant interest on the export market. Lockheed Martin is already pitching a kit to convert C-130s into armed special operations platforms and Airbus and Leonardo offer similar conversions for the twin-engine C-295 and C-27J turboprop cargo planes respectively

TASS's source didn't say when the An-12 testbed might be ready or give a timeframe for when operational gunships might begin to enter Russian service, but there are definitely reasons why the Russian Air Force would be interested in acquiring its own gunships. Also, when compared to the Kremlin's near-constant claims of often dubious high-tech military hardware developments, this particular project is very plausible and makes good sense given Russia's experiences in Syria.

We'll just have to wait now to see when and if a Russian take on the AC-130 concept actually emerges.


Izvor: www.thedrive.com
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« Reply #1658 on: June 27, 2019, 07:07:01 am »

Rusija počinje sa konstruisanjem obalne podmornice sa AIP pogonom.

[ Attachment ]

Quote

Russia Designs P-750B Sub with Gas Turbine Airless Powerplant
26 June 2019

Malachite Marine Design Bureau (Saint Petersburg, Russia) keeps on working on the project of a submarine with common submerged/surface powerplant. The closed-cycle air-independent propulsion powerplant will considerably increase the submarine’s continuous submerged range, the company’s representatives told Mil.Press Today at the Army-2019 forum.

The P-750B submarine is meant for delivering strikes upon enemy’s coastal facilities, destruction of submarines and surface ships. The sub is capable of covert delivery, landing and taking onboard of recon and sabotage groups (up to 16 men). It also can plant mines and conduct reconnaissance.


Among the sub’s advantages, designers name advanced weapons, radio electronic aids, high automation level, small crew (18–20 men), maneuverability, acoustic discretion, and shallow/narrow waters operability. Besides, P-750B can be based in the available naval stations and ports.

Displacing about 1,450 tons, P-750B is attributed to the class of small-size littoral zone submarines. Its length is about 66 meters, beam is somewhat 7 meters, draft is around 5.2 meters. Max diving depth is 300 meters. Full submerged speed is 18 knots, cruising one is 4 knots. Endurance is up to 30 days, overall operational range is up to 4,300 nautical miles. Continuous submerged range with anaerobic powerplant is up to 1,200 nautical miles.

The powerplant includes the closed-cycle gas turbine engines (2 x 400 kW) and a 2,500-kW propulsion motor.

Weapons: 533-mm torpedoes, missiles, mines.




Izvor: www.mil.today

Неће ваљда васкрсавати Валтеров турбински погон, тамо је Н2О2. А димензије... Л-66м, Б-7м, немогуће је да депласман буде 750т, јер димензије одговарају Пр.677 - Лада, која има 1500т. депласмана.
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« Reply #1659 on: June 27, 2019, 10:55:26 am »

Dron koji sam autonomno napada neprijateljske avione... Jos je to daleko.
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« Reply #1660 on: June 27, 2019, 12:00:57 pm »



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« Reply #1661 on: June 27, 2019, 08:01:41 pm »

Rusija planira da završi gradnju podmornica klase Borei i Jasen do kraja 2023-24. godine.

Quote

Russia to complete Borei and Yasen series of nuclear-powered submarines in 2023-2024

By now several other submarines of the series have been in operation, under development or trials

KUBINKA /Moscow Region/, June 27. /TASS/. Russia will complete the Borei/Borei-A series of nuclear-powered underwater strategic missile-carrying cruisers in 2023 and Yasen/Yasen-M nuclear-powered multirole subs in 2024, Sevmash Shipyard CEO Mikhail Budnichenko told TASS at the Army-2019 international military and technical forum on Thursday.

"In compliance with the contracts, we will finish the construction of Borei submarines in 2023 and Yasen subs in 2024," the chief executive said.

By now, the Sevmash Shipyard in northwest Russia (part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation) has built and delivered three baseline Project 955 Borei-class strategic submarines to the Navy. The lead submarine Yuri Dolgoruky has entered service with the Northern Fleet, while two serial-produced subs Alexander Nevsky and Vladimir Monomakh are operational in the Pacific Fleet.

The Project 955A (Borei-A) lead submarine Knyaz Vladimir (Prince Vladimir) is currently undergoing the second stage of shipbuilders’ sea trials. As the Sevmash chief executive told TASS, the submarine is expected to be delivered to the Navy in December 2019. The submarine carries 16 R-30 Bulava intercontinental ballistic missiles as its main armament.

The Project 955 and 955A submarines have been developed by the Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering. The Sevmash Shipyard continues building four Project 955A submarines (the Knyaz Oleg, the Generalissimus Suvorov, the Emperor Alexander III and the Knyaz Pozharsky).

According to open sources, Borei-A submarines feature an upgraded hull, new electronics and better stealth technology compared to their predecessors.

Project 955 and Project 955A underwater cruisers belong to the fourth generation of nuclear-powered submarines and are part of Russia’s nuclear triad. The Borei submarines are armed with Bulava solid-propellant intercontinental ballistic missiles. Each submarine is capable of carrying up to 16 such ICBMs. The submarines will replace third-generation 667BDR strategic missile-carrying submarines in the Pacific Fleet and 667BDRM subs in the Northern Fleet.

Yasen Project

The Sevmash Shipyard has built and delivered the baseline Project 885 Yasen-class submarine Severodvinsk to the Navy. It has entered service with Russia’s Northern Fleet. The improved Project 885M Yasen-M lead submarine Kazan is currently undergoing trials. Five more Project 885M submarines are at various stages of their construction.

The Project 885 and Project 885M submarines have been developed by the St. Petersburg-based Malakhit Marine Engineering Bureau.

The Army-2019 military and technical forum runs at the Patriot Congress and Exhibition Center outside Moscow on June 25-30. According to preliminary estimates, more than 1,500 enterprises and organizations are taking part in the forum to feature over 27,000 products and technologies.


Izvor: www.tass.com
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« Reply #1662 on: June 28, 2019, 01:38:44 pm »




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« Reply #1663 on: June 29, 2019, 06:20:34 am »

Otkrivene karakteristike balističke rakete „Sarmat“
Novosti online   28. jun 2019.

Na Međunarodnom vojno-tehničkom forumu „Armija 2019“ prvi put su otkrivene osnovne taktičko-tehničke karakteristike najnovije ruske interkontinentalne balističke rakete „Sarmat“.

Prema brošuri predstavljenoj na jednom od izložbenih paviljona otvorenih za javnost, domet „Sarmata“ je 18.000 kilometara, početna težina 208,1 tonu, a težina korisne nosivosti je manja od 10 tona. Težina goriva je 178 tona, dužina rakete 35,5 metara, prečnik tri metra. Tip borbenog dela — razdvojiva glava sa blokovima individualnog navođenja.

U istom paviljonu nalazi se maketa rakete „Sarmat“ koja se prema terminologiji NATO-a naziva „Satana 2“. „Sarmat“ (RS-28) će zameniti najtežu na svetu strategijsku raketu „Vojevoda“ (prema NATO klasifikaciji „Satana“, RS-20B). Ispitno-konstruktorski radovi na projektu „Sarmat“ počeli su 2011. godine. Prošle godine je predsednik Rusije Vladimir Putin u obraćanju Saveznoj skupštini objavio o početku aktivne faze testiranja „Sarmata“. Prve serijske rakete trebalo bi da uđu u naoružanje vojske 2021. godine.

Međunarodni vojno-tehnički forum „Armija 2019“ održava se od 25. do 30. juna u podmoskovskom parku „Patriot“, na aerodromu „Kubinka“ i poligonu „Alabino“.  Novinska agencija „Rusija sevodnja“ je zvanična informativna agencija foruma „Armija 2019“, a međunarodna agencija i radio Sputnjik je međunarodni informativni partner foruma.

Izvor: www.novosti.rs
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« Reply #1664 on: June 29, 2019, 08:34:19 am »



"Сатана" - Војвода, има пуну ознаку РСС-36М - Ракета стратешка, сувоземна, модел 36, модернизована.
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