PALUBA
June 25, 2019, 06:38:31 pm *
Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.
Did you miss your activation email?

Login with username, password and session length
News: Muzej vazduhoplovstva Beograd više ne postoji
 
   Home   Help Search Calendar Login Register  
Del.icio.us Digg FURL FaceBook Stumble Upon Reddit SlashDot

Pages: [1]   Go Down
  Print  
Author Topic: Merzeri  (Read 5844 times)
 
0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.
Bozo13
Global Moderator
kapetan bojnog broda
*
Offline Offline

Gender: Male
Posts: 15 736



« on: October 15, 2009, 08:18:40 pm »

Merzer

Merzer je artilerijsko oruđe, na punjenje sa prednje strane. To su oruđa večeg kalibra, nekakva krača i šira varianta  haubice, ali sa "? pant/šarka ?" u podnožju.

Delovi merzera:a- ručka
b- cev, unutrašnjost
c- barutna komora
d- otvor za paljenje barutnog punjenja
e- pant/šarka
[ Attachment: You are not allowed to view attachments ]


Merzeri su pucali sa Gornim ubacnom putanjom. Imali su nepomične lafete, kod nišanjenja je bilo potrebno pomeranje celog merzera. Za prevoz je trebalo merzer naložiti na voz ili koje drugo transportno sredstvo.

[ Attachment: You are not allowed to view attachments ]

Svoj zenit su doživjeli u Prvom svetskom ratu, kad su lake merzere počeli zamenjivati minobacači, pre svega jer su bili lakši i pogodniji za upotrebu, a umesto teških merzera počeli su upotreblivat avijaciju.
Na slici je znameniti Austro-Ugarski merzer Škoda M1911 kalibra 305mm

[ Attachment: You are not allowed to view attachments ]


Jedna od zadnjih upoteba Merzera bila je na strani Njemačke u Drugom svetskom ratu, kada su bombardirali utvrde u Brest-Litovsku i Sevastopolju sa samohodnim merzerima kalibra 60 cm.
[ Attachment: You are not allowed to view attachments ]
[ Attachment: You are not allowed to view attachments ]


Literatura i izvor:

- Enciklopedija Orožja - Orožje skozi sedem tisočletij, Ljubljana, 1995.
- Vikipedija, slobodna enciklopedija




* Merzer delovi.jpg (10.28 KB, 500x488 - viewed 322 times.)

* coehorn.jpg (12.89 KB, 600x483 - viewed 308 times.)

* Skoda_305_mm_Model_1911.jpg (36.51 KB, 600x696 - viewed 322 times.)

* Adam.jpg (37.04 KB, 600x450 - viewed 311 times.)

* Karl.jpg (23.75 KB, 600x377 - viewed 324 times.)
« Last Edit: September 28, 2011, 09:46:30 pm by MOTORISTA, Reason: Slike prebačene u atačment » Logged
ML
kapetan korvete
*
Offline Offline

Posts: 6 673



« Reply #1 on: September 28, 2011, 07:27:40 pm »

Merzeri De Bange 220 i 270mm [ Attachment: You are not allowed to view attachments ] [ Attachment: You are not allowed to view attachments ]


* 800px-De_Bange_mortier_de_220.jpg (100.1 KB, 800x540 - viewed 230 times.)

* 300px-Mortier_de_270_mle_1885_De_Bange_achterkant.jpg (34.26 KB, 300x200 - viewed 356 times.)
Logged
ML
kapetan korvete
*
Offline Offline

Posts: 6 673



« Reply #2 on: September 28, 2011, 07:35:32 pm »

<iframe width="640" height="385" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/m-mYxJA_V_8?fs=1&start=" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

<iframe width="640" height="385" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/aNaatbTvS5g?fs=1&start=" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>
« Last Edit: September 28, 2011, 07:40:33 pm by ML » Logged
vathra
potporučnik
*
Offline Offline

Posts: 2 341



« Reply #3 on: October 01, 2011, 08:31:50 pm »

Да додамо да су од појаве експлозивног зрна, мерзери били оруђа са највећим калибром.
На овој листи имају добар пласман.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_the_largest_cannons_by_caliber
Logged
Pages: [1]   Go Up
  Print  
 
Jump to:  

Powered by MySQL Powered by PHP Powered by SMF 1.1.19 | SMF © 2013, Simple Machines
Simple Audio Video Embedder

SMFAds for Free Forums
Valid XHTML 1.0! Valid CSS!
Page created in 0.016 seconds with 26 queries.