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Author Topic: Maskirni Vezovi  (Read 16285 times)
 
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kilezr
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« on: July 22, 2011, 11:20:51 am »

                                                                            
                                                                    Maskirni vezovi

    Pojam i podela:
 Maskirni vez je svako mesto uz obalu na kome se plovni objekat( brod) može privezati ili usidriti i maskirati. Maskirni vezovi mogu biti prirodni ili veštački.
 Prirodni maskirni vez je takav da se brod može uz obalu maskirati korišćenjem prirodnih uslova zemljišta a formacijska  sredstva se koriste kao pomoćna i dopunska ( uvale,pećine, pošumljeni delovi obale i slično)


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  Veštački maskirni vez je inžinjerijski uređeno mesto uz obalu sa svim potrebnim elementima za vezivanje i maskiranje plovnog objekta. Veštački maskirni vezovi mogu biti podzemni ( potkopi) usečeni i nadgrađeni
    
  Osnovni elementi maskirnog veza su:
 Korito( zasek ili produbljenje dna)
 Sredstva za zaštitu broda pri pristajanju
 Sredstva za vezivanje broda
 Sredstva za učvršćivanje maskirnog materijala i konstrukcija skeleta i maske

       Izbor mesta za maskirni vez:
 Izgradnja maskirnih vezova se vrši u cilju onemugućavanja ili otežavanja otkrivanja rasporeda I broja brodova u priobalnom pojasu. Mesta za izgradnju maskirnih vezova se utvrđuju izviđanjem a mesto treba da ispunjava sledeće uslove:
 Da je na takvom mestu na obali da štiti od napada i otkrivanja iz vazduha i s mora iz sto više pravaca
 Da omogućuje normalan boravak broda u svim meteorološkim uslovima
 Da pruža povoljne uslove za izgradnju, naročito zbog podvodnih radova
 Da omogući upotrebu što jednostavnijih konstrukcija za maskiranje
 Da je moguće brzo uplovljenje i isplovljenje iz maskirnog veza
 Da u okolini postoji mogućnost izgradnje i drugih maskirnih vezova

   Izviđanje rejona za izgradnju maskirnog veza organizuje Inžinjerijski organ u saradnji sa predstavnikom Mornaričkih jedinica, a po pravilu se vrši iz vazduha , sa kopna i mora.

  Izviđanjem sa kopna treba prikupiti podatke o:
 -profilu , nagibu, visini i sastavu obale
 -vrsti i količini radova, potrebnom materijalu ( ljudstvu i mašinama)
 -prilazima i mogućnostima transporta materijala i opreme
 -obalskoj liniji ( uvale, zaseci, pećine i slično)
 -mogućnostima korištenja zemljišta za postavljanje skeleta maske

  Izviđanjem sa mora treba utvrditi:
 -visinu plime i oseke i njihovom uticaju na vez
 -pravcima struja, talasa i vetrova i njihovom  uticaju na obalu
 -prilazima sa mora pojedinim delovima obale( postojanje podvodnih grebena i ostalih mogućih prepreka)
 -profilu dna uz obalu
 -Izgledu obalske trake (boje i prelomi)
 -mogućnost isplovljenja

  Na osnovu prikupljenih podataka iz nekoliko rejona biraju se naj povoljnija mesta za izgradnju maskirnih vezova.

    Izgradnja privremenog maskirnog veza:
 Privremeni maskirni vezovi se izgrađuju u toku sukoba kao dopuna stalnim . Izgradnja se sastoji od obeležavanja, raščišćavanja, uređenja korita, izrade elemanata za vezivanje za zaštitu i maskiranje broda.
 Obeležavanje se vrši kočićima ili uljanom bojom na obali prema izrađenom elaboratu
 Raščišćavanje obale i dna se vrši kao pri izradi privremenih pristaništa. Korito se ne kopa nego se samo zasecaju obale i poravnava dno eksplozivom ( ako je potrebno). Elementi za vezivanje se izrađuju samo u nedostatku prirodnih objekata za koje bi se brod mogao vezati.

 Elementi za maskiranje broda sastoje se iz skeleta ( kostura) maske, elemenata za pričvršćivanje maske i materijala za maskiranje( garnirane mreže, platna, stiropora i sličnih materijala)
 Skelet maske ( kostur) se najčešće radi kao noseća konzola kod privremenih maskirnih vezova
 Viseća konzola se sastoji od : nosača, zateznog ili nosećeg užeta, ankera i čekrka( kada je nosač na zglob)
 Konzolni nosač se izrađuje od metala ili drvene građe. Ležište nosača se radi u steni ili se betonira u obliku ovalnog udubljenja ili zgloba.
 Noseće uže je čelično, jednim krajem spojeno za nosač a drugim za čekrk ili anker.
 Kao maskirni materijal se koriste formacijske maskirna mreže, koje se ispunjavaju formacijskim i mesnim materijalom i prebacuju se preko nosača.
 
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Kao literatura korišten Inžinjerijski priručnik iz 1974. godine. Da li može kao dopuna temi? Znam da nije mnogo, ali da ljudi imaju i nešto da pročitaju a ne samo da gledaju slike.


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« Last Edit: July 22, 2011, 09:03:05 pm by kilezr, Reason: Ubačene skice » Logged
brodarski
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« Reply #1 on: July 28, 2011, 08:59:48 pm »

Oprosti što upadam nenajavljeno. Moj profesor astronomije Radivoje Đurišić, objavio je u jednom MG članak o maskirnim vezovima. Skenirao sam taj članak. Napisan je lijepo i u svakom slučaju je koristan. Tadašnja pravila vrijede i danas.
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kilezr
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« Reply #2 on: July 29, 2011, 05:30:16 pm »


 Ja bi to pročitao, nisam za to da se samo gledaju slike na Forumu.
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trpe grozni
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« Reply #3 on: August 10, 2011, 09:35:06 am »

Prirodni maskirni vezovi, pripremljeni i nepipremljenji.

Maskiranje sa mrezom
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M-141
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SB Jadran

Maskiranje pri vestackim objektima

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SB Jadran


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trpe grozni
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« Reply #4 on: August 10, 2011, 09:54:36 am »

Maskirni vezovi nepripremljenji bez dodatne pripreme, stapanje sa okolinom.

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Recni minolovci.

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DTM

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motorista 57 klasa
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Да ли ћемо још коме сметати зато што смо своји?


« Reply #5 on: December 29, 2015, 10:09:27 am »

Ovo je čini mi se za ovde:
Napušteni potkop za podmornice Ruske mornarice pod ledom;
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još slika ovde:

http://englishrussia.com/2015/12/25/huge-underground-submarine-shelter-covered-in-ice/#more-162456


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milan55
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« Reply #6 on: January 20, 2024, 01:23:57 pm »

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milan55
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« Reply #7 on: January 20, 2024, 02:23:11 pm »


Potkopi i maskirni vezovi JRM

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« Reply #8 on: January 20, 2024, 02:31:08 pm »

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« Reply #9 on: January 20, 2024, 02:38:10 pm »

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« Reply #10 on: January 20, 2024, 02:56:36 pm »

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« Reply #11 on: January 20, 2024, 03:02:24 pm »

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« Reply #12 on: January 20, 2024, 03:17:41 pm »

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« Reply #13 on: January 20, 2024, 03:25:11 pm »

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« Reply #14 on: January 20, 2024, 03:28:57 pm »

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